CORRECTIONS IN THE 21ST CENTURY 9 9781260805253 Corrections in the 21st Century provides an in-depth look at the past, present, and future of corrections while also identifying the many subcomponents of modern-day corrections. It highlights the process of modern-day corrections and focuses on the issues facing the correctional enterprise today. This title provides an appreciation for contemporary real-world correctional practice, examines the opportunities represented by new and developing corrections technologies and points the students in the direction of the still emerging ideal of corrections professionalism. The text’s dual theme emphasizes professionalism and evidence-based corrections. Corrections professionalism, although not yet as well-known as police professionalism, has garnered support from policymakers and is winning respect among the public. It serves as this textbook’s organizing principle.


9th Edition
By Frank Schmalleger and John Smykla
ISBN10: 1260805255
ISBN13: 9781260805253
Copyright: 2021
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ISBN10: 1260805255 | ISBN13: 9781260805253



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ISBN10: 1260241068 | ISBN13: 9781260241068




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ISBN10: 1260805247 | ISBN13: 9781260805246

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ISBN10: 1264086008 | ISBN13: 9781264086009



The estimated amount of time this product will be on the market is based on a number of factors, including faculty input to instructional design and the prior revision cycle and updates to academic research-which typically results in a revision cycle ranging from every two to four years for this product. Pricing subject to change at any time.

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Corrections in the 21st Century, 9e

Part 1 Introduction to Corrections

CHAPTER 1: Corrections: An Overview
CHAPTER 2: Corrections Today: Evidence-Based Corrections and Professionalism
CHAPTER 3 Sentencing: To Punish or to Reform?

Part 2 Community Corrections

CHAPTER 4: Probation: How Most Offenders Are Punished
CHAPTER 5: Intermediate Sanctions and Community Corrections: Between Probation and Incarceration

Part 3 Institutional Corrections

CHAPTER 6: Jails: Way Stations Along the Justice Highway
CHAPTER 7: Prisons Today: Change Stations or Warehouses?
CHAPTER 8: Parole: Early Release and Reentry

Part 4 The Prison World

CHAPTER 9: The Staff World: Managing the Prison Population
CHAPTER 10: The Inmate World: Living Behind Bars 
CHAPTER 11: The Legal World: Prisoners’ Rights 
CHAPTER 12: Special Prison Populations: Prisoners Who Are Substance Abusers, Who Have HIV/ AIDS, Who Are Mentally Challenged, and Who Are Elderly 

About the Author

Frank Schmalleger

Frank Schmalleger, PhD, is Distinguished Professor Emeritus atthe University of North Carolina at Pembroke. Dr. Schmalleger holds a bach­elor’s degree from the University of Notre Dame and both a mas­ter’s and a doctorate in sociology from The Ohio State University with a special emphasis in criminology. From 1976 to 1994, he taught criminal justice courses at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke, serving for many years as a tenured full professor. For the last 16 of those years, he chaired the Department of Soci­ology, Social Work, and Criminal Justice. As an adjunct professor with Webster University in St. Louis, Missouri, Dr. Schmalleger helped develop a graduate program in security management and loss prevention that is cur­rently offered on U.S. military bases around the world. He taught courses in that curriculum for more than a decade, focusing primarily on computer and information security. Dr. Schmalleger also has taught in the New School for Social Research online graduate program, helping build the world’s first electronic classrooms for criminal justice distance learning.

Dr. Schmalleger is the author of numerous articles and many books, including Criminal Justice Today (Prentice Hall, 2021), Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction (Prentice Hall, 2020),Criminology Today (Prentice Hall, 2021), and Criminal Law Today (Prentice Hall,2016). He is founding editor of the journal Criminal Justice Studies (formerly The Justice Professional) and has served as imprint advisor for Greenwood Publishing Group’s criminal justice reference series.

Dr.Schmalleger is also the creator of a number of award-winning websites (including the former and He is a member of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, the American Society of Criminology, and the Society of Police Futurists International (where he is a founding member). Schmalleger’s author page on Amazon. com can be viewed Follow him on Twitter @schmalleger.

John Smykla

John Ortiz Smykla, PhD, is retired director and professor of the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Florida Atlantic University. He also held appointments at the University of Alabama, where he served as professor and chair of the Department of Criminal Justice; the University of South Alabama, where he served as professor and chair of the Department of Political Science and Criminal Justice; and the University of West Florida,where he served as professor and chair of the Department of Criminal Justice and Legal Studies and was named Distinguished University Professor. He earned the interdisciplinary social science PhD in criminal justice, sociology, and anthropology from Michigan State University. He holds bachelor’s and master’s degrees in sociology from California State University at Northridge.

Dr. Smykla has authored or edited five corrections books, including Probation, Parole, and Community Based Corrections (2013) and Offender Reentry: Rethinking Criminology and Criminal Justice (2014). His coauthored data set Executions in the United States, 1608–2003: The Espy File, funded by a grant from the National Science Foundation, is one of the most frequently requested criminal justice data files from the University of Michigan’s Inter- University Consortium for Political and Social Research.

Dr. Smykla has published more than 75 research articles on corrections and policing issues. He recently completed a multiyear analysis of federal reentry court and the impact of police body cameras.

In 1986, Dr. Smykla was a Senior Fulbright Scholar in Argentina and Uruguay. He is a member of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences and the Southern Criminal Justice Association.In 1996, the Southern Criminal Justice Association named him Educator of the Year. In 1997, he served as program chair for the annual meeting of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. In 2000, he served as president of the Southern Criminal Justice Association. In 2017, Dr. Smykla and his colleagues received Springer’s Outstand­ing American Journal of Criminal Justice Article Award for their research on police body cameras, and in the same year, another of their articles on police body cameras was named Most Read in Criminal Justice and Behavior. He was inducted into the Michigan State University School of Criminal Justice Wall of Fame in 2019.


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