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Western Wind:  An Introduction to Poetry

Western Wind: An Introduction to Poetry

5th Edition
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ISBN10: 0072819596 | ISBN13: 9780072819595


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Program Details

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Before We Begin

Part One: The Senses


The Role of the Senses

*Jim Moore The Same Life

Anonymous Western Wind

Archibald Macleish Eleven

Sappho There's A Man

T.S. Eliot Preludes

Anonymous Brief Autumnal

The Specific Image

Ezra Pound In A Station Of The Metro Alba ("As cool as the pale wet leaves...")

Anthony Hecht The End Of The Weekend

Anonymous Sir Patrick Spens

Exercises and Diversions

Brewester Ghiselin Rattler, Alert

Sappho Leaving Crete, Come Visit Again

Essay and Poem

*Jim Moore Haiku/Touch

2. WHAT'S IT LIKE? Simile, Metaphor and Other Figures

Simile and Metaphor

Robinson Jeffers The Purse-Seine

Robert Frost The Silken Tent

Emily Dickinson My Life Had Stood--A Loaded Gun

Linda Pastan Returning

Margaret Atwood Habitation

William Butler Yeats No Second Troy

Robert Frost A Patch Of Old Snow

*Al Young Up Vernon's Alley

Helen Chasin City Pigeons


Walter de la Mare All But Blind



Alexander Pope Intended For Sir Isaac Newton

*Michael Donaghy Local 32B

Personfication, Mythology

Karl Shapiro A Cut Flower

William Butler Yeats Leda And The Swan

Walter Savage Landor Dirce

Exercises and Diversions

Alan Shapiro Against Poets

Essays and Poems

3. SYMBOLISM: The Broken Coin

Synecdoche, Metonymy

*Mary Jo Salter A Poetics of Sex

The Symbol

Howard Nemerov Money

*Jenn Habel Another Poem About the Heart

George Herbert Hope

William Blake The Sick Rose

Robert Frost Acquainted With The Night

Saint John Of The Cross The Dark Night


Rainer Maria Rilke The Merry-Go-Round

William Carlos Williams Nantucket

*Frank O'Hara Why I am Not a Painter


Sir Thomas Wyatt My Galley Charged with Forgetfulness

Kingsley Amis A Note on Wyatt

Billy Collins The Death of Allegory

Exercises and Diversions

John Crowe Ransom Good Ships

Carl Sandburg A Fence

Essays and Poems

4. DOUBLE VISION: Antipoetry, Paradox, and Irony


William Shakespeare Winter

Francis P. Osgood Winter Fairyland In Vermont

Elizabeth Bishop Filling Station

Walt Whitman Beauty

William Shakespeare Sonnet 130


Robert Graves The Face in the Mirror

Alexander Pope From An Essay on Man


*Wilfred Owen The Parable of the Old Man and the Young

Understatement--The Withheld Image

Simonides On the Spartan Dead at Thermopylae

X.J. Kennedy Loose Woman


Robert Graves Spoils

Exercises and Diversions

Rod Taylor Dakota: October, 1822: Hunkpapa Warrior

Wallace Stevens The Emperor Of Ice-Cream

Essays and Poems

Part Two: The Emotions.

5. THE COLOR OF THOUGHT: Emotions in Poetry

The Role of Emotion

William Butler Yeats The Spur

Dick Davis Desire

*Heather McHugh Earthmoving Malediction

Ammianus Epitaph of Nearchos

*Michael McFee Time Enough

W.H. Auden The Shield of Achilles

Sense and Sentimentality

Anonymous The Unquiet Grave

*Julia Moore Little Libbie

John Crowe Ransom Bells For John Whiteside's Daughter

Algernon Charles Swinburne Étude Réaliste (I)

James Wright A Song for The Middle of the Night

May Swenson Cat & The Weather

William Stafford Traveling Through The Dark

*Richard Wilbur The Pardon

Exercises and Diversions

Kenneth Fearing Yes, The Agency Can Handle That

Essays and Poems

Part Three: The Words.

6. MACHINE FOR MAGIC: The Fresh Usual Words

Living Words

Kenneth Patchen Moon, Sun, Sleep, Birds, Live

Robert Frost Dust of Snow; Neither Out Far Nor In Deep

Emily Dickinson A Narrow Fellow in The Grass

Less Is More

Alfred, Lord Tennyson Break, Break, Break

A.E. Housman Along the Field as We Came By

William Butler Yeats An Irish Airman Foresees His Death

Ezra Pound The Bath Tub

Hilaire Belloc On His Books

William Stafford Godiva County, Montana

W.H. Auden The Wanderer

*Roger Mitchell The Word for Everything

*Emily Grosholz Remembering the Ardeche

Exercises and Diversions

Randall Jarrell The Knight, Death, and the Devil

Essays and Poems

Part Four: The Sounds.

7. GOLD IN THE ORE: Sound as Meaning

*Kay Ryan Crustaceon Isalnd

Gail Tremblay Not Sense

Vowels and Assonance

Dylan Thomas Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night

Robert Frost Once By The Pacific

E.E. Cummings Chansons Innocentes, I

*Christian Bök Vowels

Consonants and Alliteration

Exercises and Diversions

John Milton On the Late Massacre in Piedmont

Essays and Poems

8. WORKING WITH GOLD: Rhyme and Music

Language as Mimicry

John Updike Player Piano

*Anne Stevenson Making Poetry

A Reason for Rhyme?

*Etheridge Knight A Poem for Myself

Ezra Pound Alba ("When the nightingale . . .")

Off-Rhyme or Slant Rhyme

Wilfred Owen Anthem For Doomed Youth; Arms and the Boy

*Thomas McGrath Remembering the Children of Auschwitz

The Music of Poetry

William Butler Yeats The Lake Isle of Innisfree

*Anonymous Sumer Is Icumen In

*Ezra Pound Ancient Music

Anonymous The Streets of Laredo

Charles Causley Lord Lovelace

Exercises and Diversions

*Timothy Murphy Twice Cursed; Poet’s Prayer

Edwin Arlington Robinson The Dark Hills

Essays and Poems

Part Five: The Rhythms

9. THE DANCER AND THE DANCE: The Play of Rhythms


Repetition as Rhythm

Robert Graves Counting The Beats

Walt Whitman From Leaves of Grass

The Rhythm of Accent

A Note on Scansion

Iambic Pentameter

Variations on Iambic

William Shakespeare Sonnet 66

Meter and Rhythm

William Butler Yeats The Second Coming

Line Length

Matthew Arnold Dover Beach

*May Swenson Question

Theodore Roethke My Papa's Waltz

Exercises and Diversions

William Browne On the Countess Dowager of Pembroke

Katherine McAlpine That Ghastly Night in Dover

Essays and Poems

10. DIFFERENT DRUMMERS: Alternative Forms of Meter

Other Syllable-Stress Rhythms

George Gordon, Lord Byron The Destruction Of Sennacherib

*Timothy Murphy Harvest of Sorrows

Strong-Stress Rhythms

Anonymous I Have Labored Sore

Richard Wilbur Funk

*Anonymous How Many Miles to Babylon?

E.E. Cummings if everything happens that can't be done

*W.H. Auden As I Walked Out One Evening

Sprung Rhythm

A Word about Quantity

*Timothy Steele Sapphics against Anger

Syllabic Meter

James Tate Miss Cho Composes in the Cafeteria

*Ron Rash Scarecrow

Exercises and Diversions

Essays and Poems

11. REMOVING THE NET: "Free Verse," Concrete Poetry, Prose Poems

Some Background on Free Verse

*H.D. Oread

*William Carlos Williams Dedication for a Plot of Ground

Line Breaks

Stephen Crane A Man Said to the Universe

*Denise Levertov The Ache of Marriage

*George Oppen Psalm

*Suzanne Lummis Morning After the 6.1

*Rachel Loden The Killer Instinct

The Variable Foot

William Carlos Williams The Descent

Concrete and Shaped Poetry

Emmett Williams Like Attracts Like

Hanjorg Mayer Oil

*Jan D. Hodge Carousel

The Prose Poem

*Robert Hass A Story About the Body

*Marie Howe Part of Eve’s Discussion

*Jay Meek Trains in Winter

Exercises and Diversions

William Carlos Williams Iris

Essays and Poems

Part Six: The Mind.

12. THE SHAPE OF THOUGHT: Sentences and Structure

The Sentence

Eugenio Montale The Eel

Gwendolyn Brooks We Real Cool

Use of Connectives

Jacques Prevert The Message


Walt Whitman I Hear America Singing

*Shirley Geok-Lin Lim Learning to Love America

Sentence Structure

E.E. Cummings Me up at does

Peter Viereck To Helen Of Troy (N.Y.)

Robert Frost Beyond Words

Alice Fulton What I Like

John Clare Remember Dear Mary

Thinking about Diction

Robert Graves The Persian Version

Edward Field Curse of the Cat Woman

Creating New Words

E.E. Cummings wherelings whenlings

Exercises and Diversions

Essays and Poems


U. A. Fanthorpe Not My Best Side

W. H. Auden Musée des Beaux Arts

*Jorie Graham San Sepolcro

Lawrence Ferlinghetti Short Story on a Painting by Gustav Klimt

Lisel Mueller Paul Delvaux: The Village of the Mermaids

13. GOLDEN NUMBERS: On Nature and Form

William Butler Yeats The Statues

John Donne The Anniversary

Fixed Stanza Forms

Howard Nemerov "Good-Bye," Said The River, "I'm Going Downstream"

X.J. Kennedy On a Given Book

Bruce Bennett On Being Immortalized in Bronze

Amareh I'll Hide Within My Poems (trans. Dick Davis)

*Charles Martin Taken Up

*George Szirtes Like a Black Bird

William Wordsworth A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal

*Dick Davis On the Iranian Diaspora

Edgar Allen Poe To Helen

*Catherine Tufariello This Child

Fixed Forms for Poems

George Meredith Lucifer in Starlight

William Shakespeare Sonnet 29

*Thomas Carper Why Did The

Gwendolyn Brooks The Rites For Cousin Vit

*A.E. Stallings Sime Qua Non

Gerard Manley Hopkins Pied Beauty

Francois Villon Ballade to His Mistress

*Wendy Cope Valentine

Frederick Morgan 1904

Lady Izumi Shikibu Lying Here Alone

Adelaide Crapsey Cinquain: A Warning

Basho Evening darkens. Hunched; Lightning in the clouds!

Richard Wilbur Sleepless at Crown Point

R.S. Gwynn Black Helicopters

Anonymous Sir Isaac Newton

E. William Seaman Higgledy-piggledy

Paul Pascal Tact

Anonymous There Was a Young Lady of Tottenham

Exercises and Diversions

A.E. Housman With Rue My Heart Is Laden

Thomas Hardy I Look into My Glass

Essays and Poems

14. A HEAD ON ITS SHOULDERS: From Realism to Surrealism

Common Sense

Miller Williams A Poem for Emily

John Berryman He Resigns

William Wordsworth The Solitary Reaper

Will Allen Dromgoole Building The Bridge

Uncommon Sense

*Terese Svoboda Old God

Lisel Mueller Palindrome

Stevie Smith Our Bog Is Dood

Federico Gracia Lorca Sleepwalker's Ballad

*Mark Irwin X

A Comparison

*Li Po Drinking Alone by Moonlight (trans. Arthur Waley)

*Li Po Drinking Alone with the Moon (trans. Vikram Seth)

Exercises and Diversions

Anonymous I Never Plucked-a Bumblebee

Essays and Poems

15. ADAM'S CURSE: Inspiration and Effort

Robert W. Service Inspiration

Dylan Thomas In My Craft or Sullen Art

D.H. Lawrence The Piano

Exercises and Diversions

A.E. Housman I Hoed and Trenched and Weeded

William Butler Yeats The Lamentation of the Old Pensioner

Walter de la Mare The Stone; Slim Cunning Hands

Essays and Poems


Anonymous: Lord Randal; *The Wife of Usher's Well

Sir Thomas Wyatt: They Flee from Me

Christopher Marlowe: The Passionate Shepherd to His Love

Sir Walter Raleigh: The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd

*Sir Edmund Spenser: *One Day I Wrote Her Name Upon the Strand

Sir Philip Sidney: With How Sad Steps, O Moon

William Shakespeare: Sonnet 18; Sonnet 73; Sonnet 116; Sonnet 129.

Thomas Campion: My Sweetest Lesbia, Let Us Live And Love;It Fell On A Summer's Day

Thomas Nashe: Adieu, Farewell Earth's Bliss

John Donne: The Sun Rising; A Valediction: Of Weeping; A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning; Death Be Not Proud

Ben Jonson: On My First Son

Robert Herrick: Delight In Disorder

George Herbert: Redemption; Easter-Wings; *The Pulley

*Edmund Waller: Go, Lovely Rose

John Milton: Lycidas; On His Blindness

Anne Bradstreet: To My Dear and Loving Husband

Andrew Marvell: To His Coy Mistress

Katherine Philips: An Answer to Another Persuading a Lady to Marriage

Aphra Behn: Song: Love Armed

Jonathan Swift: A Description of the Morning

Thomas Gray: Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard

Christopher Smart: From Jubilate Agno

William Blake: The Tyger; London; A Poison Tree

William Wordsworth: She Dwelt among the Untrodden Ways; The World Is Too Much With Us; Composed upon Westminster Bridge

Samuel Taylor Coleridge: Kubla Khan

Percy Bysshe Shelley: Ozymandias; Ode to the West Wind

John Clare: Autumn

John Keats: La Belle Dame sans Merci; Ode to A Nightingale; To Autumn

Edward Fitzgerald: From The Rubaiyat Of Omar Khayam

Alfred Lord Tennyson: Ulysses

Robert Browning: My Last Duchess

Emily Bronte: Remembrance

Arthur Hugh Clough: The Latest Decalogue

Walt Whitman: From Leaves Of Grass; Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking; When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer; Reconciliation

Dante Gabriel Rossetti: The Woodspurge

Emily Dickinson: Went Up A Year This Evening; I Heard a Fly Buzz-When I Died; I Started Early-Took My Dog; Because I Could Not Stop for Death; *The Bustle in a House; Tell All the Truth but Tell It Slant

*Christina Rossetti: Up-Hill

Thomas Hardy: The Ruined Maid; The Self-Unseeing; The Man He Killed; The Oxen; In Time of "The Breaking of Nations"

Gerard Manley Hopkins: God's Grandeur; The Windhover; Felix Randal; Spring And Fall

A.E. Housman: To an Athlete Dying Young; Loveliest Of Trees, The Cherry Now

William Butler Yeats: Adam's Curse; The Cold Heaven; Sailing To Byzantium; Among School Children; A Last Confession

Edwin Arlington Robinson: The Mill; Mr. Flood's Party

Walter de la Mare: The Listeners

Robert Frost: Mending Wall, "Out, Out-"; Provide, Provide; *For Once, Then, Something; *To Earthward; The Subverted Flower

Wallace Stevens: Sunday Morning; The Snow Man; The Sense of the Sleight-of-Hand Man

William Carlos Williams: To Waken an Old Lady; The Red Wheelbarrow; The Dance

Ezra Pound: The River-Merchant's Wife: A Letter

Marianne Moore: A Grave; A Carriage from Sweden

Edwin Muir: The Horses

T.S. Eliot: The Love Song Of J. Alfred Prufrock

Archibald Macleish: Ars Poetica

*Edna St. Vincent Millay: I Shall Forget You Presently, My Dear

E.E. Cummings: anyone lived in a pretty how town

Jean Toomer: Reapers

*Louise Bogan: Women

Hart Crane: *My Grandmother's Love Letters

Robert Francis: Pitcher; Swimmer

Kenneth Fearing: Love, 20¢ the First Quarter Mile

Langston Hughes: Dream Variations; The Negro Speaks Of Rivers

Ogden Nash: Very Like a Whale

Stevie Smith: Not Waving but Drowning

Stanley Kunitz: The Abduction

W.H. Auden: Lullaby: In Memory Of W. B. Yeats

Louis MacNeice: *Snow; The Sunlight on the Garden

Theodore Roethke: *Root Cellar; *Forcing House; Elegy for Jane; The Waking

Robert Fitzgerald: Cobb Would Have Caught It

Elizabeth Bishop: The Fish, Sandpiper, One Art

Robert Hayden: Those Winter Sundays

*John Frederick Nims: *Love Poem

Muriel Rukeyser: Effort at Speech between Two People

John Berryman: Dream Songs, 4, 22

Randall Jarrell: Next Day

Dylan Thomas: Fern Hill

John Ciardi: Faces

Gwendolyn Brooks: The Bean Eaters

Robert Lowell: Skunk Hour; For The Union Dead

May Swenson: Stripping and Putting On

Howard Nemerov: Because You Asked about the Line between Prose And Poetry

Richard Wilbur: The Catch; Hamlen Brook

Philip Larkin: At Grass; The Explosion; *Aubade

James Dickey: Cherrylog Road

Anthony Hecht: The Dover Bitch, The Book of Yolek

Donald Justice: *Variations on a Text by Vallejo; *Psalm and Lament

Maxine Kumin: The Retrieval System

Gerald Stern: The Dog

A.R. Ammons: The Constant; Cut the Grass

Allen Ginsberg: A Supermarket in California

James Merrill: Charles on Fire; The Blue Grotto

W.D. Snodgrass: Leaving the Motel

David Wagoner: On a Man Dancing by Himself in a Tavern

John Ashbery: Mixed Feelings

W.S. Merwin: *For the Anniversary of My Death; On the Old Way

James Wright: Autumn Begins In Martin's Ferry, Ohio; *A Blessing

Philip Levine: Keep Talking

Adrienne Rich: From Twenty-one Love Poems (VI, XVI, XVIII); The Slides; What Kind of Times Are These

Gary Snyder: *Why Log Truck Drives Rise Earlier than Students of Zan; *Axe Handles

Derek Walcott: *Sea Grapes

Sylvia Plath: Tulips; Blackberrying; Mirror

Vern Rutsala: Words

Mark Strand: The Tunnel

Mary Oliver: Shadows; The Storm

Lucille Clifton: homage to my hips

C.K. Williams: Tar

Charles Simic: Fear; Fork; Classic Ballroom Dances; *Slaughterhouse Flies

Margaret Atwood: Siren Song

Stephen Dunn: At the Smithville Methodist Church

Seamus Heaney: Death of A Naturalist; Follower; Damson

Ted Kooser: Abandoned Farmhouse; *That Was I

Robert Pinsky: A Woman

Billy Collins: *Embrace; The Dead

William Matthews: Mood Indigo

Sharon Olds: The Death of Marilyn Monroe; Physics

Louise Glück: The School Children; *Mock Orange

Ellen Bryant Voigt: The Starveling

Margaret Benbow: Crazy Arms: Earlene Remembers

Jeanne Murray Walker: Studying Physics with My Daughter

*Wendy Cope: Some More Light Verse

*B.H Fairchild: Brazil

*Kay Ryan: Blandeur

Thomas Lux: Cellar Stairs

Marilyn Nelson: Epithalamium and Shvaree; *How I Discovered Poetry

Lawrence Raab: Learning How to Write

Yusef Komunyakaa: Facing It

Robert B. Shaw: Shut In

*Amy Uyematsu: Deliberate

*R.S. Gwynn: Body Bags

Leslie Marmon Silko: Prayer to the Pacific

August Kleinzahler: Watching Dogwood Blossoms Fall in a Parking Lot off Route 46

Julia Alvarez Old Heroines

Carolyn Forché: For the Stranger; The Garden Shukkei-en

Dana Gioia: *Palnting a Sequoia

Rodney Jones: A Blasphemy

Joy Harjo: Eagle Poem

Andrew Hudgins: The Persistence of Nature in Our Lives

Brigit Pegeen Kelly: Song

*Judith Ortiz Cofer: Quinceañera

Rita Dove: Ö

Alice Fulton: News of the Occluded Cyclone

Mark Jarman: *Ground Swell; From Unholy Sonnets (13)

David Mura: The Natives

Naomi Shihab Nye: *Famous

Jim Simmerman: Child's Grave, Hale County, Alabama

Gary Soto: Oranges

*Mark Irwin: The Irises

Gjertrud Schanckenberg: Walking Home

*Benjamin Alire Sáenz: To the Desert

Mary Jo Salter: Boulevard du Montparnasse

Mark Doty: Brilliance

Louise Erdrich: Jacklight

*Carol Moldaw: Beads of Rain

Li-Young Lee: Eating Alone

*Jane Hilberry: The Moment

*Kate Light: There Comes the Strangest Moment

*Joe Bolton: Adult Situations

*April Linder: Girl

Rafael Campo: *What the Body Told

*Sherman Alexie: The Powwow at the End of the World

*Diane Thiel: The Mine Field

*Kevin Young: Quivira City Limits


Appendix A: Poetics

Appendix B: Writing About Poetry

Appendix C: Literary Criticism

Permissions Acknowledgments

Index of Names and Titles

Index of First Lines

Index of Principal Terms and Topics