Chapter 1. The Roots of Western Civilization: The Ancient Middle East to the Sixth Century B.C.E.
Before Western Civilization
Struggling with the Forces of Nature: Mesopotamia, 3000-ca. 1000 B.C.E.
Rule of the God-King: Ancient Egypt, ca. 3100-1000 B.C.E.
Merchants and Monotheists: Peoples of the Mediterranean Coast, ca. 1300-500 B.C.E
Terror and Benevolence: The Growth of Empires, 1200-500 B.C.E.
Global Context Essay, I. Looking Ahead to the Ancient World: 700 B.C.E. to 400 C.E.
Chapter 2. The Contest for Excellence: Greece, 2000-338 B.C.E.
Timeline: The Big Picture
The Rise and Fall of Ancient Heroes, 000-800 B.C.E.
Emerging from the Dark: Archaic Age, ca. 750-479 B.C.E. 00
Life in the Greek Poleis
Greece Enters Its Classical Age, 479-336 B.C.E.
Destruction, Disillusion, and a Search for Meaning
Chapter 3. The Poleis Become Cosmopolitan: The Hellenistic World, 336-150 B.C.E.
The Conquest of the Poleis
The Successor Kingdoms, 323-ca. 100 B.C.E.
East Meets West in the Successor Kingdoms
The Search for Truth: Hellenistic Thought, Religion, and Science
Chapter 4. Pride in Family and City: Rome from Its Origins Through the Republic, 753-44 B.C.E.
The Rise of Rome, 753-265 B.C.E.
Family Life and City Life
Expansion and Transformation, 265-133 B.C.E.
The Hellenizing of the Republic
The Twilight of the Republic, 133-44 B.C.E.
Chapter 5. Territorial and Christian Empires: The Roman Empire, 31 B.C.E. to 410 C.E.
The Pax Romana-27 B.C.E. to 192 C.E.
Life During the Peace of Rome
Crisis and Transformation, 192-ca. 400 C.E.
The Longing for Religious Fulfillment
From Christian Persecution to the City of God, 64-410 C.E.
The Holy Life
Global Context Essay, II. Looking Ahead to the Middle Ages: 400-1400
Chapter 6. A World Divided: Western Kingdoms, Byzantium, and the Islamic World, ca. 376-1000
The Making of the Western Kingdoms, ca. 376-750
The Byzantine Empire, ca. 400-1000
Chapter 7. The Struggle to Bring Order: The Early Middle Ages, ca. 750-1000
Bringing Order with Laws and Leadership
Anglo-Saxon England: Forwarding Learning and Law
Charlemagne and the Carolingians: A New European Empire
Order Interrupted: Vikings and Other Invaders
Manors and Feudal Ties: Order Emerging from Chaos
Chapter 8. Order Restored: The High Middle Ages, 1000-1300
Those Who Work: Agricultural Labor
Those Outside the Order: Town Life
Those Who Fight: Nobles and Knights
The Rise of Centralized Monarchies
Those Who Pray: Imperial Popes and Expanding Christendom
Chapter 9. The West Struggles and Eastern Empires Flourish: The Late Middle Ages, ca. 1300-1500
Economic and Social Misery
Imperial Papacy Besieged
More Destruction: The Hundred Years' War, 1337-1453
Responses to the Disruption of Medieval Order
Empires in the East
Chapter 10. A New Spirit in the West: The Renaissance,ca. 1300-1640
A New Spirit Emerges: Individualism, Realism, and Activism
The Politics of Individual Effort
Individualism as Self-Interest: Life During the Renaissance
An Age of Talent and Beauty: Renaissance Culture and Science
Renaissance of the "New Monarchies" of the North: 1453-1640
Chapter 11. "Alone Before God": Religious Reform and Warfare 1500-1648
The Clash of Dynasties, 1515-1555
A Tide of Religious Reform
The Catholic Reformation
Europe Erupts Again: A Century of Religious Warfare, 1559-1648
Life After the Reformation
Chapter 12. Faith, Fortune, and Fame: European Expansion, 1450-1700
The World Imagined
The World Discovered
Confrontation of Cultures
The World Market and Commercial Revolution
The World Transformed
Chapter 13. The Struggle for Survival and Sovereignty: Europe's Social and Political Order, 1600-1715
Stresses in Traditional Society
Royal Absolutism in France
The Struggle for Sovereignty in Eastern Europe
The Triumph of Constitutionalism
Chapter 14. A New World of Reason and Reform: The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment, 1600-1800
Questioning Truth and Authority
Developing a Modern Scientific View
Supporting and Spreading Science
Laying the Foundations for the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment in Full Stride