Language and Composition, The Art of Voice (Muller), AP* Edition

Language and Composition: The Art of Voice was created after extensive research in the AP English Language & Composition course, how it's taught, and what resources students need to learn. Part 1 includes skills for active reading, analysis, argumentation, and synthesizing. The extensive and diverse selections in Parts 2 and 3—including AP Teacher Favorite contemporary and classic essays, synthesis groupings, visual rhetoric, poetry, blogs, and more—make the book a dynamic learning resource for every AP student throughout the course and in preparing for success on the AP exam.

About the Program

The robust AP Teacher Manual is tightly integrated with the Student Edition and offers lesson plans and strategies for teaching close reading and writing skills. It also provides well-considered approaches for teaching individual essays, sample rhetorical analyses, answers to questions, additional thought-provoking questions, comparative essay discussion formats, and tips for prewriting and guided writing activities.

The Art of Voice is also available with the AP Advantage—a three-step digital solution for AP success that includes ONboard™ course preparation, Connect® Composition, and SCOREboard™ AP exam preparation. Together, the AP advantage suite of digital products supports students from before class starts all the way through to passing the exam!

AP®, Advanced Placement®, and Advanced Placement Program® are trademarks registered and/or owned by the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, these products.

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Additional Details & Resources


  • CHAPTER 1 Active Reading and Response in Texts
  • CHAPTER 2 The Writing Process
  • CHAPTER 3 Argumentation and Synthesis
  • CHAPTER 4 Writing a Research Paper


  • CHAPTER 5 Education and Society: How, What, and Why Do We Learn?
  • CHAPTER 6 Family Life and Gender Roles: How Do We Become Who We Are?
  • CHAPTER 7 History, Culture, and Civilization: Are We Citizens of the World?
  • CHAPTER 8 Government, Politics, & Social Justice: How Do We Decide What Is Fair?
  • CHAPTER 9 Media, Sports, and Pop Culture: What Is the Message?
  • CHAPTER 10 Literature and the Arts: Why Do They Matter?
  • CHAPTER 11 Nature and the Environment: How Do We Relate to the Natural World?


  • Maya Angelou, Graduation
  • Judy Brady, I Want a Wife
  • Joan Didion, Marrying Absurd
  • Jonathan Edwards, Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
  • Queen Elizabeth, The Golden Speech
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson, Education
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson, Self-Reliance
  • Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan
  • John F. Kennedy, Inaugural Address
  • Martin Luther King, JR., Letter from Birmingham Jail
  • Abraham Lincoln, Second Inaugural Address
  • Nicolo Machiavelli, The Prince
  • Nancy Mairs, On Being a Cripple
  • Tim O’Brien, The Things They Carried
  • George Orwell, Politics and the English Language
  • George Orwell, Shooting an Elephant
  • Plato, Allegory of the Cave
  • David Sedaris, Me Talk Pretty One Day
  • Brent Staples, Black Men and Public Spaces
  • Jonathan Swift, A Modest Proposal
  • Henry David Thoreau, On the Duty of Civil Disobedience
  • Oscar Wilde, The Importance of Being Earnest
  • Virginia Woolf, A Room of One’s Own

GILBERT H. MULLER is professor emeritus of English at the LaGuardia campus of the City University of New York. He has also taught at Stanford University, where he received a Ph.D. in English and American Literature; Vassar College; and several universities overseas. Dr. Muller is the author of the award-winning Nightmares and Visions: Flannery O’Connor and the Catholic Grotesque; Chester Himes; New Strangers in Paradise: The Immigrant Experience and Contemporary American Fiction; William Cullen Bryant: Author of America; and other critical studies. His essays and reviews have appeared in The New York Times, The New Republic, The Nation, The Sewanee Review, The Georgia Review, and elsewhere. He has written and edited best-selling textbooks in English and composition, including McGraw-Hill’s The Short Prose Reader, with Harvey Wiener, now in its twelfth edition, and The McGraw-Hill Reader, now in its eleventh edition. Among Dr. Muller’s awards are fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Fulbright Commission, the Ford Foundation, and the Mellon Foundation.

MELISSA E. WHITING is a professor of English and Rhetoric at the University of Arkansas Fort Smith, where she also serves as Department Head. She has also taught at the University of Southern Mississippi and the University of Oklahoma, where she received a Ph.D. in English Education. Dr. Whiting was an English teacher at Vinita High School in Vinita, Oklahoma, where she taught Advanced Placement Language and Composition. She has also served as a Reader and Table Leader at the AP Language and Composition scoring. Dr. Whiting is the co-author of How English Teachers Get Taught and other pedagogical studies. Her publications have appeared in the English Journal, Teaching Writing Teachers, The International Journal of Learning, and The Oklahoma English Journal. She wrote the Advanced Placement Instructor’s Manual that accompanies the eighth edition of the Prentice-Hall Reader (Ed. G. Miller). She continues to be involved with AP workshops and taskforces, served as a Senior Reviewer for the textbook audit, and has contributed textbook reviews to AP Central.