Case Study: Introduction to Business - Washtenaw Community College
Digital Product in Use:
Connect® Introduction to Business
BMG 140 Introduction to Business
Traditional (face-to-face) and Online
Textbook in Use:
M:Business, by O.C. Ferrell, Geoffrey A. Hirt, and Linda Farrell, 3e
Dr. Kimberly M. Hurns
5 or more sections a year
Case Study Term:
“I think LearnSmart is a great measure of engagement. In the Business courses, students do not always assume the need for studying and high levels of engagement. I think there is opportunity in this area for me to develop more engagement strategies.”
-Dr. Kimberly M. Hurns
Digital Course Solution Motivates Students to Read and Engage in Course Content
Dr. Hurns uses Connect application assignments to provide “rich activities for online students” and LearnSmart assignments to give students a fun and effective way to study the course material. As a result of the information provided in the LearnSmart reports, she can now measure engagement using meaningful student data. “Although we assumed students were not studying, the degree to which they were not studying was shocking,” she says. When comparing student engagement and success, students who were active LearnSmart users improved their quiz and exam scores by 10 to 29 points and their overall grade by 13 to 21 points. Hurns believes that “Connect and LearnSmart provide a great way to increase student engagement and student success.”
Washtenaw Community College boasts an open-door admissions policy, affordable tuition rates, and high-quality classes to attract students from local communities and from around the world. WCC’s student body includes more than 1,000 students from over 100 foreign countries. More than 18,000 students register for credit classes each year, and thousands more enroll in non-credit LifeLong Learning classes. Courses are offered seven days a week, at night, and online.
BMG 140 Introduction to Business covers functions, objectives, problems, organization, and management of modern business. Students develop insight into the vital role of the administrative function in our economy as a whole and in the operation of a single business unit.
In the Introduction to Business online course, 40% of the course grade is LearnSmart and Connect activities. In the lecture course, these activities make up 20% of the course grade
Implementation of McGraw-Hill Connect
In both her online and lecture courses, Dr. Hurns assigns LearnSmart weekly. The due dates correspond to the beginning of a unit so that students complete LearnSmart before the lecture on that chapter takes place. This allows her to expect students to be more prepared for in-class discussion and team work activities. In her face-to-face course, she also adjusts topic coverage in lecture based on the data provided in the LearnSmart reports, and uses the same information to communicate more effectively in her online courses to update and add clarity on challenging topics.
Hurns also assigns Connect assignments in her online course to provide learning opportunities which are completed in class in her face-to-face course. These assignments are due during the unit coverage and consist of two to four interactive application questions, all of which are self-graded and provide feedback to students.
As a result, Hurns is able to spend more time coaching students on the development of their business skills instead of grading online assignments. She also uses this time to research current content, such as articles and examples, to incorporate into her class, giving students the opportunity to analyze information and apply their knowledge.
To further enhance her course delivery, Hurns has also integrated Connect with Blackboard, her school learning management system. This allows students to access their Connect assignments directly from her Blackboard course with their same login information, while providing her with automatic grade synchronization. She says, “I believe the single sign-on is extremely important to provide a clean and focused experience for students. This allows the technology to serve its purpose without getting in the way of the content.”
With the robust data available in the LearnSmart reports on the class and individual student level, Hurns is able to use LearnSmart as a measure of engagement and student success. She can evaluate how engaged students are in the material instead of making assumptions about studying habits outside of class. For data analysis purposes, Hurns identified students who fell into two groups of more highly engages users: Group 1 – LearnSmart Users who used the tool to study a minimum of one hour or more on some chapters, and Group 2 – Active LearnSmart Users who used the tool to study one hour or more on 50% or more of the chapters. While the assignment was set for an expected average of 25 minutes, these students demonstrated time spent over and above the average student.
The grades of engaged and highly engaged students showed a big difference (see Figure 1). Students who used LearnSmart actively and consistently earned an average of 86.06% – 21 points higher than the average final grade in the course of 65.88%. Students who used LearnSmart for an hour or more on some of the chapters scored an average of 78.80% in the course, which is 13 points higher than the average course grade of 65.88%.
Course grades improved because quiz and exam scores of students who used LearnSmart were 10.12 to 29.16 points greater than the students who did not use the tool to study beyond the required time for a grade. One student offered this feedback: “I averaged ~95% on the last five tests compared to the ~85% on the first three tests. The extra time spent studying after the 100% completion really helps me remember the material.”
Hurns says, “While LearnSmart assists in increasing students’ grades, I think strategies to engage more students will be imperative and will be key in pushing additional results. Engagement strategies measured with LearnSmart will help in addressing overall success rates.”
Based on conversations with colleagues, I think that students do not easily equate the need to study in a business course like they might in a math or science course. There are lots of opportunities to improve student engagement through LearnSmart.
Students who are highly engaged LearnSmart users are achieving much higher grades. In addition, Dr. Hurns has realized many efficiency benefits from having data to adjust her lectures and online communication with students, more time to research articles and examples for her students due to automated grading and Blackboard integration, and being able to quickly access and assess reports to identify and address student engagement levels. Hurns believes that, ultimately, LearnSmart can also help improve passing rates, retention rates, and continue to improve grades when more student engagement strategies are implemented. Future plans include increasing the consistent use of LearnSmart in all introduction sections. She says, “Student success is a big measurement at our institution, and I would like to use LearnSmart as a way to address this issue in our introduction course. We can model good study behaviors for students to maintain during their college career.”