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Western Civilization: Sources Images and Interpretations Volume 1 To 1700
Western Civilization: Sources Images and Interpretations Volume 1 To 1700

Western Civilization: Sources Images and Interpretations Volume 1 To 1700, 8th Edition

ISBN10: 0077382390 | ISBN13: 9780077382391
By Dennis Sherman
© 2011

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* The estimated amount of time this product will be on the market is based on a number of factors, including faculty input to instructional design and the prior revision cycle and updates to academic research-which typically results in a revision cycle ranging from every two to four years for this product. Pricing subject to change at any time.

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This collection of primary, secondary, and visual sources for the Western Civilization survey course provides a broad introduction to the materials historians use, the interpretations historians make, and 6,000 years of Western civilization. Its broad selection of documents, photographs, maps, and charts, and its full array of accompanying commentaries--drawn from a balanced spectrum of perspectives and approaches--offer valuable insight into the work of historians and provide the context that helps students understand the texts' full historical significance.

***Contents preliminary


Chapter One Civilizations of the Ancient Near East

Primary Sources
Using Primary Sources:
Laws of Hammurabi

The Laws of Hammurabi
The Epic of Gilgamesh
Hymn to the Nile
Hymn to the Pharaoh
The Old Testament-Genesis and Exodus
The Aton Hymn and Psalm 104: The Egyptians and the Hebrews

Visual Sources
Using Visual Sources: The “Royal Standard” of Ur

Sumer: The “Royal Standard” of Ur (illustration)
Egyptian Wall Paintings from the Tomb of Menna
The Environment and the Rise of Civilization in the Ancient Near East

Secondary Sources
Using Secondary Sources: The Agricultural Revolution

Robert J. Braidwood, The Agricultural Revolution
William H. McNeill, The Process of Civilization
Herbert J. Muller, Freedom in the Ancient World: Civilization in Sumer
Henri Frankfort and H.A. Frankfort, The Intellectual Adventure of Ancient Man
Lionel Casson, Daily Life in Ancient Egypt: The Afterlife
Barbara S. Lesko, Women of Egypt and the Ancient Near East
Paul Johnson, A History of the Jews

Chapter Two: The Emergence of Greek Civilization

Primary Sources

Homer, The Iliad
Hesiod, Works and Days
A Colonization Agreement

Semonides of Amorgos, Poem on Women
Theognis of Megara, Aristocrats and Tyrants
Solon, Early Athens
Xenophon, Constitution of the Lacedaemonians

Visual Sources

Trade, Culture, and Colonization (photo)
Migration and Colonization

Secondary Sources

Frank J. Frost, The End of the Mycenaean World

Finley Hooper, Greek Realities: The Homeric Epics
Sarah B. Pomeroy, et al., Social Values and Ethics in the "Dark Age" of Greece
C.M. Bowra, The Greek Experience: The Heroic Outlook

Chapter Three: Classical and Hellenistic Greece

Primary Sources

Thucydides, The History of the Peloponnesian War: The Historical Method
Thucydides, The History of the Peloponnesian War: Athens During the Golden Age
Sophocles, Antigone
Plato, The Republic
Aristotle, Politics
Xenophon, Household Management
Hippocrates, Medicine and Magic
Epicurus, Individual Happiness

Visual Sources

Education (photo)
The Women’s Quarters (illustration)
The Dying Niobide: The Classical Balance (photo)
The Old Market Woman: Hellenistic Individualism (photo)
Geography and Political Configurations in Greece (map)

Seondary Sources

Sarah B. Pomeroy, Goddess, Whores, Wives, and Slaves: Women and Work in Athens
Anthony Andrews, The Greeks: Slavery
M.I. Finley, The Ancient Greeks: Decline of the Polls
Richard Stoneman, Alexander the Great
Finley Hooper, Greek Realities

Chapter Four: The Rise of Rome

Primary Sources

Polybius, Histories: The Roman Constitution
Cicero, The Education of a Roman Gentleman
Quintus Lucretius Vespillo, Eulogoy for a Roman Wife
Plautus, Menaechmi: Roman Slavery
Sallust, The Conspiracy of Catiline: Decline of the Republic

Visual Sources

Evidence from Coins (photo)
The Geographic and Cultural Environment (map)

Secondary Sources

Fustel de Coulanges, The Ancient City: Religious Practices
J.P.V.D. Balsdon, Life and Leisure: The Roman Aristrocrat
Gillian Clark, Roman Women

Chapter Five: The Roman Empire and the Rise of Christianity

Primary Sources

Pliny the Younger, Letters: The Daily Life of a Roman Governor
Marcus Aurelius, Meditations: Ideals of an Emperor and Stoic Philosopher
Pliny the Younger and Trajan, Rome and the Early Christians

A Roman Sarcophagus: Picturing the Bible The Gospel According to St. Matthew
St. Paul, Epistle to the Romans
St. Augustine, The City of God
Ammianus Marcellinus, The Germanic Tribes
St. Jerome, The Fall of Rome

Visual Sources

Carved Gemstone: Augustus and the Empire Transformed (photo)
Tomb Decoration: Death and Roman

Secondary Sources

Chester G. Starr, The Roman Empire: The Place of Augustus
E.R. Dodds, Pagan and Christian: The Appeal of Christianity
Jo Ann McNamara, Women of the Roman Empire
A.H.M. Jones, The Later Roman Empire


Chapter Six: The Early Middle Ages

Primary Sources

Gregory of Tours, History of the Franks
The Origins of Feudalism
Charlemagne, Instructions to the Subjects of Charlemagne's Empire
Einhard, War and Conversion Under Charlemagne
The Annals of Xanten, Disorder and Destruction
The Wanderer: Life of a Medieval Warrior

Visual Sources

Illustration from a Gospel Book: Christianity and Early Medieval Culture (illustration)
Painting from an Illuminated Bible: Secular and Religious Authority
Contraction in the Early Middle Ages

Secondary Sources

Henri Pirenne, Mohammed and Charlemagne: The Beginnings of Medieval Civilization
David Nichols, The Carolingian West: The Genesis of Feudal Relationships
Daniel D. McGarry, An Evaluation of Feudalism
Jo Ann McNamara and Suzanne F. Wemple, Sanctity and Power: The Dual Pursuit of Medieval Women

Chapter Seven: The Medieval East

Primary Sources

The Qur'an
Hasan al-Basri, Letter to Umar II: Islamic Asceticism
Avicenna, Autobiography of a Muslim Scholar
The Institutes of Justinian: Byzantium and the Legacy of Roman Law

Ibn Fadlan, The Rus: Cross-Cultural Contact

Visual Sources

Manuscript Illuminations: Scenes from the Life of Muhammad (illustrations)

Empress Theodors with her Retinue (illustration) The Byzantine Empire and the Expansion of Islam (maps)

Secondary Sources

Cyril Mango, Byzantium: The Empire of New Rome
Bernard Lewis, The Arabs in History

Ira Lapidus, The Expansion of Islam Albert Hourani, The Islamic World
Peter Brown, The Eastern Orientation of Islam

Chapter Eight: The High Middle Ages: The Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries

Primary Sources

Pope Gregory VII, Letters: Secular and Ecclesiastical Authority
Reginald of Durham, The Life of Saint Gidric: A Merchant Adventurer
Andreas Capellanus, The Art of Courtly Love
Gratian, The Decretum: Medieval Women-Not in God’s Image

Visual Sources

The Gospel Book of Otto III: Church and State (illustration)

The Bayeux Tapestry (illustration)

Medieval Expansion (maps)

Secondary Sources

Jaques Le Goff, Medieval Values
Margaret Wade Labarge, The Mold for Medieval Women: Social Status
Aron Ja. Gurevich, The Merchant
R.W. Southern, The Making of the Middle Ages: Serfdom
Marc Bloch, Feudal Society: The Psychic World of Medieval People

Chapter Nine: The High Middle Ages: The Crusades and the East

Primary Sources

Pope Urban II, The Opening of the Crusades
Ekkehard of Aurach, Crusaders’ Motives
Pope Eugenius III, Inducements for the Crusades
Princess Anna Comnena, The Alexiad: A Byzantine View of the Crusades
Usamah Ibn-Munqidh, Memoirs: European and Muslim Interactions

Visual Sources

Conflict and Cultural Exchange (illustration)

Secondary Sources

Christopher Tyerman, The Meaning of the Crusades
Thomas F. Madden, The Significance of 
Robert Browning, The Byzantine Empire: Defeat, Decline, and Resilience

Chapter Ten: The High Middle Ages: The Thirteenth Century

Primary Sources

Pope Innocent III, Papal Proclamation of Supremacy
Archbishop Eudes of Rouen, A Church Register: Clerical Administration
St. Francis of Assisi, The Rule of St. Francis
St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica
Frederick II, Political Authority: The Emperor, the Princes, and the Towns
Decrees of the Hanseatic League
Ordinances of the Guild Merchants of Southampton

Bartholomaeus Anglicus, Chambermaids

Visual Sources

Medieval Life (illustration)
Secularization and the Medieval Knight

Secondary Sources

Maurice Keen, The Outlaws of Medieval Legend: Social Rank and Injustice
Jaques Rossiaud, Life in Cities: Violence and Fear
Georges Duby, Solitude
David Herlihy, Ecological Conditions and Demographic Change

Chapter Eleven: The Late Middle Ages

Primary Sources

Attack on the Papacy: The Conciliar Movement
Bernard Gui, Manual of the Inquisitor
Sir John Froissart, The Rebellions of 1381
Giovanni Boccaccio, The Decameron: The Plague in Florence
King Edward III, Statue of Laborers
Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales
The Goodman of Paris: Instructions on Being a Good Wife

Visual Sources

The Church Besieged (illustration)
The Triumph of Death
Unrest in the Late Middle Ages
Food and Crime

Secondary Sources

Francis Oakley, The Crisis of the Late Middle Ages

John Kelly, The Great Mortality Millard Meiss, The Black Death: A Socioeconomic Perspective

Hieonymus Bosch, The Waywain: Greed, Chaos, and Doom


Chapter Twelve: The Renaissance

Primary Sources

Francesco Petrarch, A Letter to Boccaccio: Literary Humanism
Peter Paul Vergerio, On the Liberal Arts
Christine de Pizan, The City of Ladies
Niccolo Machiavelli, The Prince
Baldesar Castiglione, The Book of the Courtier

Visual Sources

Quentin Massys, The Moneylender and his Wife

Raphael, The School of Athens: Art and Classical Culture (illustration)
Jan van Eyck, Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride: Symbolism and the Northern Renaissance (illustration)
Hans Holbein, Wealth, Culture, and Diplomacy (illustration)

Secondary Sources

Jacob Burckhardt, The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy
Peter Burke, The Myth of the Renaissance
Federico Chabod, Machiavelli and the Renaissance
Charles G. Nauert, Northern Sources of the Renaissance

Chapter Thirteen: The Reformation

Primary Sources

John Tetzel, The Spark for the Reformation: Indulgences
Martin Luther, Justification by Faith
Martin Luther, On the Bondage of the Will
Martin Luther, Condemnation of Peasant Revolt
John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion: Predestination
Constitution of the Society of Jesus
Teresa of Avila, The Way of Perfection

Visual Sources

Luther and the New Testament (illustration)
Sebald Beham, Luther and the Catholic Clergy Debate
Peter Paul Rubens, Loyola and Catholic Reform

Secondary Sources

Euan Cameron, What was the Reformation?
G.R. Elton, A Political Interpretation of the Reformation
John C. Olin, The Catholic Reformation
Steven E. Ozment, The Legacy of the Reformation
Marilyn J. Boxer and Jean H. Quataert, Women in the Reformation

Chapter Fourteen: Overseas Expansion and New Politics

Primary Sources

Gomes Eannes de Azurara, The Chronicle of the Discovery and Conquest of Guinea
Christopher Columbus, Letter to Lord Sanchez, 1493
Bernal Diaz del Castillo, Memoirs: The Aztecs
Jacob Fugger, Letter to Charles V: Finance and Politics

Visual Sources

Frans Fracken II, The Assets and Liabilities of Empire (text and illustration)

Hans Holbein the Younger, Portrait of the Merchant Heorg Gisze The Conquest of Mexico as Seen by the Aztecs (illustration)
Exploration, Expansion, and Politics

Secondary Sources

Richard B. Reed, The Expansion of Europe
M.L.Bush, The Effects of Expansion on the Non-European World
Gary Nash, Red, White, and Black: The Peoples of Early America


Chapter Fifteen: War and Revolution: 1560-1660

Primary Sources

Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq, Civil War in France
Richelieu, Political Will and Testament
James I, The Powers of the Monarch in England
The House of Commons, The Powers of Parliament in England
Heinrich Kramer and Jacob Sprenger, The Hammer of Witches

Visual Sources

Diego Valásquez, The Surrender of Breda (illustration)

Jan Brueghel and Sebastian Vranx, War and Violence (illustration)
Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan: Political Order and Political Theory (text and illustration)
Germany and the Thirty Years’ War

Secondary Sources

Hajo Holborn, A Political Interpretation of the Thirty Years’ War
Carl J. Friedrich, A Religious Interpretation of the Thirty Years’ War
M.S. Anderson, War and Peace in the Old Regime
Conrad Russell, The Causes of the English Civil War
William Monter, The Devil’s Handmaid: Women in the Age of Reformations

Chapter Sixteen: Aristocracy and Absolutism in the Seventeenth Century

Primary Sources

Philipp W. von Hornick, Austria Over All If She Only Will: Mercantilism
Frederick William, The Great Elector, A Secret Letter: Monarchical Authority in Prussia
Saint-Simon, Memoirs: The Aristocracy Undermined in France
John Locke, Second Treatise of Civil Government: Legislative Power

Visual Sources

The Early Modern Chateau (photo)
Pieter de Hooch, Maternal Care (illustration)

Secondary Sources

G. Durand, Absolutism: Myth and Reality
George Macaulay Trevelyan, The English Revolution, 1688-1689
Peter Laslett, The World We Have Lost: The Early Modern Family

Chapter Seventeen: The Scientific Revolution

Primary Sources

Rene Descartes, The Discourse on Method
Galileo Galilei, Letter to Christina of Tuscany: Science and Scripture
The Papal Inquisition of 1633: Galileo Condemned
Sir Isaac Newton, Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy

Visual Sources

A Vision of the New Science (illustration)

Secondary Sources

Sir George Clark, Early Modern Europe: Motives for the Scientific Revolution

Linda Pollock, Childhood in Early Modern Times Bonnie S. Anderson and Judith P. Zinsser, No Scientific Revolution for Women

About the Author

Dennis Sherman

Dennis Sherman is Professor of History at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, the City University of New York. He received his B.A. (1962) and J.D. (1965) degrees from the University of California at Berkeley and his Ph.D. (1970) from the University of Michigan . . He was Visiting Professor at the University of Paris (1978-79; 1985). He has received the Ford Foundation Prize Fellowship, the Council for Research on Economic History fellowship, and fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities. His publications include A Short History of Western Civilization, 8th edition (co-author); Western Civilization: Sources, Images, and Interpretations, 5th edition; World Civilizations: Sources, Images, and Interpretations, 2nd Edition (co-author); a series of introductions in the Garland Library of War and Peace; several articles and reviews on nineteenth-century French economic and social history in American and European journals, and short stories on literary reviews.

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