Child Psychology: A Contemporary View Point
Table of Contents

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Chapter 1 Child Development: Themes, Theories, and Methods

Themes of Development
Theoretical Perspectives on Development
Developmental Themes and Theoretical Perspectives: An Overview
Research Methods in Child Psychology

Chapter 2: Heredity and the Environment

The Process of Genetic Transmission
Genetic Influences on Development
Genetic Counseling and Genetic Engineering
Heredity-Environment Interactions
Heredity, Environment, and Individual Differences

Chapter 3: Prenatal Development and Birth

Stages of Prenatal Development
Risks in the Prenatal Environment
Birth and the Beginnings of Life
Vulnerability and Resilience in Children at Risk

Chapter 4: Infancy: Sensation, Perception, and Learning

The Newborn
The Infant’s Sensory and Perceptual Capacities
Early Learning and Memory

Chapter 5: The Child’s Growth: Brain, Body, Motor Skills, and Sexual Maturation

Brain Development in Infancy
Motor Development
Physical Growth
Sexual Maturation

Chapter 6: Emotional Development and Attachment

Early Emotional Development
The Beginnings of Specific Emotions
Learning to Regulate Emotions
How Children Think About Emotions
The Development of Attachment
The Nature and Quality of Attachment

Chapter 7: Language and Communication

The Components of Language: Phonology, Semantics, Grammar, and Pragmatics
Theories of Language Development
The Antecedents of Language Development
Semantic Development: The Power of Words
The Acquisition of Grammar: From Words to Sentences
Learning the Social and Creative Uses of Language

Chapter 8: Cognitive Development: Piaget and Vygotsky

Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development
Piaget’s Main Tenet: The Child Actively Seeks Knowledge
The Stages of Cognitive Development
Evaluation of Piaget’s Theory
Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory of Cognitive Development
Evaluation of Vygotsky’s Theory

Chapter 9: Cognitive Development: The Information-Processing Approach

Information-Processing Theory
Developmental Changes in Some Significant Cognitive Abilities

Chapter 10: Intelligence and Achievement

Theories of Intelligences
The Traditional Approach: Testing Intelligence
Why Do People Differ In Measured Intelligence
Achievement, Motivation, and Intellectual Performance
Ethnicity, Social Class, and Intellectual Performance
Cognitive Intervention Studies
Beyond the Norms: Giftedness and Mental Retardation

Chapter 11: The Family

The Family System
Social Class, Ethnicity, and Socialization
The Changing American Family
Child Abuse Within the Family

Chapter 12: Expanding the Social World: Peers and Friends

How Peer Interactions Begin: Developmental Patterns
Peers as Socializers
Peer Acceptance
Promoters of Peer Acceptance: Parents and Teachers
When Peers Become Friends
Parents, Peers, or Both
From Dyads to Groups
Peer Groups in Different Cultures

Chapter 13: Gender Roles and Gender Differences

Defining Sex and Gender
Gender-Role Standards and Stereotypes
Gender Differences in Development
Biological Factors in Gender Differences
Cognitive Factors in Gender Typing
Influence of the Family in Gender Typing
Extrafamilial Influences on Gender Roles

Chapter 14: Morality, Altruism, and Aggression

An Overview of Moral Development
Cognitive Theories of Moral Development
The Behavioral Side of Moral Development
The Evolution of Prosocial and Altruistic Behaviors
The Development of Aggression

Chapter 15: Developmental Psychopathology

The Developmental Approach to Psychopathology
What is Abnormal?
Classifying Child Psychopathology
Some Psychological Disorders that Affect Children
Treating and Preventing Child Psychological Disorders