Human Sexuality: Self, Society, and Culture https://www.mheducation.com/cover-images/Jpeg_250-high/0073532169.jpeg?404URL=https://shop.mheducation.com/mhshopweb/images/no_cover_140.png 13 9780073532165
Human Sexuality: Self, Society, and Culture

Human Sexuality: Self, Society, and Culture

Grade Levels: 13
By Gilbert Herdt and Nicole Polen-Petit
Copyright: 2014
Publication Date: January 24, 2013
MHID: 0073532169
ISBN 13: 9780073532165

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Human Sexuality: Self, Society, and Culture

Human Sexuality: Self, Society and Culture

Chapter 1: The Study of Human Sexuality

Sexual Literacy

-Become Sexually Literate
-Sexual Well-Being

Sexual Science—A Historical Perspective

-The Medical Model of Sexuality
-A New Approach to Sex Research
-Sex Research Comes of Age
-Sex and Social Policy

Methodology in the Study of Sexuality

-Interdisciplinary Perspectives
-Ethics of Sexual Research
-Research Designs
-Participatory Action Research

Human Sexual Rights

Chapter 2: Contexts of Sexuality: Culture, History and Religion

Human Sexual Nature in Context

-The Sexual Triangle: Species, Culture and Individual
-Sexuality among the Bonobo
-Human Sexual Nature as Expressed Through Culture

Sex Since the Beginning of Time

-Prehistoric Sex and Communication
-A Brief History of Sex and Civilization

Sexual Cultures and Norms

-Sexual Norms and Sexual Socialization
-Sex-Approving and Sex-Disapproving Cultures
-Sexual Unlearning

Sexuality and the Great World Religions

-Sex, Religion and Reality
-Sex in the World Religions

Spirituality and Sexual Behavior in the United States

Religion and Sexual Well-Being

Chapter 3: Sexuality, Media and the Internet

Sex, Media and Pop culture

-Sex in Pop Culture
-Shared Sexual Images and Media
-Popular Music and Sexual Attitudes
-From Reality TV to Homemade Video

The Internet and Sexual Literacy

-Facebook, Twitter, and Sexting
-Online Sexual Socialization
-Sexuality and Risk Online

Virtual Sex

-Sexual Individuality in Virtual Time and Space
-Online Boundaries
-Online Romance, Dating and Hooking Up
-Sexual Avatars and Gaming

Adult Sexual Content

-Pornography and Its Changing Meaning
-Adult Sexual Entertainment Online

Online Communities, Rights and Sexual Well-Being

Chapter 4: Sexual Anatomy and Physiology

Sexual Anatomy

Female Sexual Anatomy

-External Female Sex Organs
-Internal Female Sex Organs
-Breasts and Breast Development
-Variability in the Female Body
-Female Genital Mutilation

Female Sexual Physiology

-The Endocrine System and Hormones
-Pheromones and Their Role in Sexual Behavior
-The Menstrual Cycle
-Menopause

Male Sexual Physiology

-External Male Sex Organs
-Internal Male Sex Organs
-Erection and Ejaculation
-Variability in the Male Body
-Circumcision

Bodily Integrity Rights and Sexual Well-Being

Chapter 5: Sexual Pleasure, Arousal, and Response

Pleasure, Culture, and Sexual Well-Being

-Sexual Nature and Sexual Well-Being -Cultural Influences on Sexual Pleasure and Sexual Well-Being
-Defining Your Personal Needs
-Keeping a Sexual Journal

Sexual Arousal and Response

-The Five Senses and Pleasure -Pheromones and Sexual Motivation
-Sexual Excitement and Sexual Fantasy
-Sexual Response Cycles
-Orgasm

Sexual Techniques

-Masturbation—Solitary and in Relationships -Kissing
-Frequency of Sexual Activity
-Other Intimate Behaviors

Sexual Pleasure as a Human Right

Chapter 6: Taking Care of the Sexual Body

Knowing Our Own Body

-Taking Responsibility for Our Own Sexual Health -Female Sexual Health
-Male Sexual Health

Sexually Transmitted Infections

-Risk and Protective Factors for STIs
-Sexual Risk Negotiation
-Human Immunodeficiency Virus
-Bacterial STIs
-Parasitic STIs
-Viral STIs

Sexual Well-Being and Innovation in STI Prevention

Chapter 7: Contraception

Contraception: History and Cultural Variations

-Cross-Cultural Variations in Contraception
-History of Contraceptives in the United States

Methods of Contraception

-Choosing a Method of Contraception: What to Consider
-Methods That Protect Against Pregnancies and STIs
-Methods That Protect Against Pregnancy But Not Against STIs

Contraception and Sexual Well-Being

Chapter 8: Reproduction: Conception, Pregnancy, and Childbirth

Parenting and Reproductive Decisions

-Pronatalism
-Family Leave
-Considering Parenthood

Ensuring a Healthy Pregnancy

-Preparing the Body for Pregnancy
-Nutrition and Exercise
-Sex During Pregnancy

Contraception and Pregnancy

-Cross-Cultural Ideas About Conception
-Trimesters: The Developing Fetus and Changes for

Women and Partners

-Potential Problems During Pregnancy
-Detecting Problems in Pregnancy

Birth and the Postpartum Period: what to Expect

-Options for Giving Birth
-Birth Assistance and Interventions
-Making a Birth Plan
-After the Birth, The Postpartum Period

Infertility and Options

-Assisted Reproductive Techniques
-Other Options for Creating a Family

Abortion

-Defining Abortion
-Safe Methods of Abortion
-Unsafe Methods of Abortion
-After an Abortion

Sexual Well-Being and Reproductive Rights

Chapter 9: Gender and Identity: Process, Roles, and Culture

Understanding Gender Development and Context

-Gender and Sex
-Biological Process in the Development of Sex
-Biological Sex Variations and Intersexuality

Gender Identity and Expression

-Gender Identity—A Brief History
-Biology and Gender Identity Development
-Transgender—A New Identity
-Transsexualism
-Angrogyny

Gender Roles

-Gender Roles Across Time and Cultures
-Social Institutions and Gender Role Development
-Sexism and Gender Roles

Gender Norms and Variance

-Factors of Gender Nonconformity

Gender Identity Rights and Sexual Well-Being

Chapter 10: Sexual Orientation

Understanding Sexual Orientation

-The Spectrum of Sexual Orientation
-The Gap Between Sexual Attraction and Behavior
-Sources of Sexual Orientation
-Sexual Socialization and Compulsory

Heterosexuality

-Sexual Individuality and Sexual Orientation

Variations in Sexual Orientation

-Same-Sex Behavior Variations Across Cultures
-The Invention or Modern Gay and Lesbian Identity
-The Modern LGBTQ Movement
-10% Are Gay: Myth or Sexual Geography?
-Bisexuality
-African American Men Being on the Down Low
-Men Who Have Sex With Men
-Female Sexual Fluidity
-Queer and Questioning

Homosexuality, Discrimination, and Stigma

-Sexual Prejudice and Homophobia
-Bullying and Internalized Homophobia
-Hate Crimes

Coming Out and Sexual Well-Being

-Social Acceptance and Being Out
-Being Out—Steps Toward Well-Being
-LGBTQ Family Formation

Sexual Orientation

Chapter 11: Sexuality in Childhood and Adolescence

Sexual Development in Childhood and Adolescence

-Biology, Family and Culture
-Healthy Sexuality and Values in Childhood and

Adolescence

-Emotional Literacy in Young People

Sexuality in Childhood

-Infants as Sensual Beings
-Childhood Curiosity, Masturbation, and Sexual Play

Sexuality in Adolescence

-The Magical Age of 10: Development of Desire
-The Biological Changes of Adolescence: Pubertal

Development

-Romantic Relationships
-Sexual Identity
-Sexual Behaviors in Adolescence
-STI’s, Pregnancy, and Contraception

Sexuality in Context: The Role of Institutions

-Families
-Peers
-Media
-Sexuality Education in Schools
-Sexual Health in Europe and the United States

Young People’s Rights and Sexual Well-Being

Chapter 12: Sexuality in Adulthood and Later Life

Early Adulthood

-Single Living
-Casual Sex and What It Means
-Cohabitation
-Early Cohabitation and Sexual Well-Being

Integrating Marriage and Sexual Well-Being

-Variations in Marriage
-Sex and Marriage
-Extramarital Relationships
-Divorce and Subsequent Marriages
-Same-Sex Marriage

Sexuality and Aging Populations

-Sex and Well-Being at Midlife
-How Sex Shapes Mend and Women as They Age
-Female Issues with Desire
-Male Issues with Arousal
-Aging, Disability, and Sexual Well-Being
-Illness and Sexuality—Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes, Cancer
-Elderhood and Healthy Sexuality

Sexuality and Well-Being In Late Life

Chapter 13: Attraction, Love, and Communication

Sexual Attraction

-Theories of Sexual Desire and Attraction
-Physical Attractiveness
-Beauty and Sexiness
-Chemistry and Attraction
-Psychological Attraction
-Biological Attraction
-Same-Sex Attraction
-Sexual Scripts

Love

-Theories of Love
-Types of Attachment
-When Love Ends: The Dissolution of Relationships

Communication

-Emotional Literacy: Communicating Your Needs
-Sexual Language
-Nonverbal Sexual Communication and Flirting
-Sexual Self-Disclosure: To Reveal or Not to Reveal
-Characteristics of Ineffective Communication
-Improving Communication Skills

Communication and Sexual Well-Being

Chapter 14: Sexual Coercion and Resiliency Sexual Coercion

Rape

-Date Rape
-Marital Rape
-Prisoner Rape
-Victim-Blame
-Cultural Differences in Rape
-Societies Prone to Rape
-Perpetrators of Sexual Coercion
-Survivors of Rape and Other Forms of Coercion

Childhood Sexual Coercion

-Incest
-Child Pornography

Teens and Adult Sexual Coercion

-Sexual Harassment
-Teen Dating Abuse

Sex Work and Sex Trafficking

-Different Types of Sex Work
-Sex Work and Rights
-Sex Trafficking

Recovery, Resiliency, and Sexual Well-Being

Chapter 15: Extreme Sexuality and Paraphilias

Changes in Acceptability of Sexual Behavior

-Variations in Mainstream Sexual Behavior
-Cross-Cultural Extremes of Sexuality
-Extreme Sexual Behaviors in Contemporary Society
-Strip Clubs—Normal or Extreme?
-Gender and Extreme Sexual Behavior
-Kinky Sex
-Sex Tourism and Extreme Sexuality
-When Extreme Sexual Behavior Becomes Impulsive

Paraphilias

-Clinical Criteria of Paraphilias
-Categories of Paraphilias
-Popular Culture and Media Influence
-Origins of Paraphilias
-Treatment of Paraphilias

Sexual Novelty and Healthy Sexuality

-Sex Toys, Vibrators, and Related Sexual Enhancements

Mainstreaming of Pornography and Sexual Well-Being

About the Author

Gilbert Herdt

Gilbert Herdt, PhD June 2007 Gilbert Herdt is a cultural and psychological anthropologist and an international expert on sexuality, sexual development, sexual orientation, and gender identity. Currently he is Professor of Sexuality Studies and Anthropology, and Chair of Sexuality Studies at San Francisco State University, a unique department in the US that annual teaches 6,000 students in sexuality. He is also the Director of the National Sexuality Resource Center (NSRC), a long term project of the Ford Foundation that advances sexual literacy through web-based platforms and face-to-face trainings on sexual health, education, and rights, and Executive Director of the Institute for Sexuality, Social Inequality and Health, both of which institutions he founded. Trained in classical anthropology in the US and Australia, Gil received a 4 year Predoctoral Fulbright fellow to conduct dissertation research on sexuality and social development among the Sambia people of Papua New Guinea, for which he received his PhD from the Australian National University in 1978. He was then awarded a 3-year Individual NIMH Postdoctoral fellowship, taken in residence at UCLA’s Neuropsychiatric Institute, to train in gender identity and sexuality under psychoanalyst Robert J. Stoller, M.D. His first book, Guardians of the Flutes, was nominated for the National Book Award in 1981, and is now in its third edition. Dr Herdt was appointed Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the Stanford University (1979-1985). Herdt continued his research in 13 fieldtrips over a period of 19 years (1974-1993), culminating in a BBC film, “Guardians of the Flutes.” He published two influential edited books on ritual and sexuality in New Guinea, Rituals of Manhood (1982), and Ritualized Homosexuality in Melanesia (1984), both by the University of California Press, and a popular undergraduate case study, The Sambia: Ritual and Sexuality in New Guinea, 1987 and revised 2006, as well as many peer reviewed journal articles and chapters on the Sambia. Julian Davidson collaborated with Herdt on biopsychosocial study of 5-alpha reductase hermaphrodites among the Sambia in the l980s. Bob Stoller and Gil Herdt published their groundbreaking “clinical ethnography” on the Sambia entitled Intimate Communications, in 1990. Gil was promoted to Associate Professor of Human Development at the University of Chicago in 1985. He served as Chair of Human Development (1989-1992) and created the Center for Research on Culture and Mental Health, where he directed an NIMH postdoctoral training grant there for many years, and was promoted to full Professor in 1990. In the US, he is best known for his path-breaking community based study in Chicago of 202 self-identified gay, lesbian, and bisexual adolescents and their families, published as two books, Children of Horizons, 1993, and Something to Tell You, 2000, along with many other papers and books. Herdt gave the first plenary on AIDS/HIV in the field of anthropology and co-chaired the AAA President’s Commission on AIDS for 3 years. He co-founders at the University of Chicago Evelyn Hooker Center for Gay and Lesbian Mental Health. This June 2007, Herdt received a gay and lesbian mental health lifetime achievement award from the new Institute for Sexual Orientation and Gender in Chicago. Toward the end of his Chicago years Gil collaborated with Martha McClintock in publishing a series of papers on the “magical age of 10” in pubertal development. Herdt has served on many organizational and founding national and international roles at research centers, on committees, and in government agencies. He was the founder and first president of the International Association for the Study of Sexuality, Society, and Culture (an organization dedicated to the scholarly and historic study of sexuality), and has organized 8 international conferences on topics such as AIDS and Anthropology, sexual theory, gay and lesbian aging, and recently, moral panics and sexual rights. Dr. Herdt was also the founder and director of Summer Institutes at the University of Amsterdam (1996-1990), and at SFSU (2001-2006). He has received grants from the NIH, Spencer Foundation, Wenner-Gren Foundation, Ford Foundation, Haas Foundation, and the Rockefeller Foundation. Currently he directs a department of six, and Institute staff of 30, with an annual budget of 1.1 million dollars. He has published a series of more than 35 single authored and edited books and 100 articles and chapters, and is Editor of Sexuality Research and Social Policy (the journal of the NSRC), and is the general editor of a series of books at the University of Chicago Press. Herdt’s most books are Sexual Inequalities and Social Justice (with Niels Teunis, 2006), and 21st Century Sexualities (with Cymene Howe, 2007). Currently Gil is deeply involved in the creation of a national movement to promote science-based sexual literacy for all Americans to support sexual health, education and rights, and he is at work on a book about why Americans say that sexuality fails them in their course aspirations.

Nicole Polen-Petit