Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology 13 9780072458282
Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology

Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology

Grade Levels: 13
By Kenneth Saladin and Robin McFarland
Copyright: 2014
Publication Date: January 3, 2013
MHID: 0072458283
ISBN 13: 9780072458282

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New Features

Base Camp begins each chapter and gives students the provisions needed for ascending to the next level—a list of vital concepts from earlier chapters that students should understand before moving on to new heights, and references to pages where those concepts are first introduced.

Before You Go On provides students a place to stop and take stock of what has been achieved so far. Answering these questions, based on no more than three or four pages of reading, enables students to judge whether they have met the expectations of that section and understand its most important concepts before moving on to scale the next precipice.

Assess Your Learning Outcomes wraps up each chapter with a look back over the most important concepts in the chapter as a whole, and an opportunity to evaluate how well one has met the initial objectives.

Perspectives on Health essays relate essential science covered in the book to common health issues, making this text relevant for the student.

Clinical Application essays apply anatomy and physiology concepts to interesting issues of health and disease.

Career Spotlight is a relevant career idea in each chapter that expands student awareness of opportunities in allied health professions, and includes basic information on educational requirements for entry into a career.

Beautiful instructive illustrations created for Essentials of Anatomy &Physiology set a new standard in the one-semester Anatomy and Physiology market, where many students regard themselves as visual learners.

Learn Smart - the only truly adaptive learning system that intelligently identifies course content students have not yet mastered and maps out personalized study plans for their success. Unlike static flashcards or rote memorization, LearnSmart ensures your students have mastered course concepts before taking the exam, thereby saving you time and increasing student success.

Stephen J. Sullivan has been teaching anatomy and physiology at Bucks County Community College near Philadelphia since 2002. Steve started modifying existing digital tools to fit his classroom needs in 2005 and began collaborating with McGraw-Hill on developing digital tools in 2009. As the Digital Author for this text, Steve has prepared digital assessments that directly reflect the content and style of the textbook authors to help foster student access and success.

Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology

Chapter 1 The Study of Anatomy and Physiology

1.1 Anatomy—The Structural Basis of Human Function

1.2 Physiology—The Functional Relevance of Human Structure

1.3 The Human Body Plan

1.4 The Language of Medicine

Chapter 2 Life, Matter, and Energy

2.1 Atoms, Ions, and Molecules

2.2 Water, Mixtures, and pH

2.3 Organic Compounds

2.4 Energy and Chemical Reactions

Chapter 3 Cytology—The Cellular Level of Organization

3.1 The General Structure of Cells

3.2 The Cell Surface

3.3 The Cell Interior

3.4 The Life Cycle of Cells

Chapter 4 Histology—The Tissue Level of Organization

4.1 The Study of Tissues

4.2 Epithelial Tissue

4.3 Connective Tissue

4.4 Nervous and Muscular Tissues—The Excitable Tissues

4.5 Glands and Membranes

4.6 Tissue Growth, Development, Repair, and Death

Chapter 5 The Integumentary System

5.1 The Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue

5.2 Accessory Organs

Chapter 6 The Skeletal System

6.1 Skeletal Structure and Function

6.2 Bone Development and Metabolism

6.3 The Axial Skeleton

6.4 The Appendicular Skeleton

6.5 Joints

Chapter 7 The Muscular System

7.1 Muscular Tissues and Cells

7.2 Physiology of Skeletal Muscle

7.3 Cardiac and Smooth Muscle

7.4 Anatomy of the Muscular System

Chapter 8 The Nervous System I—Nerve Cells, the Spinal Cord, and Reflexes

8.1 Cells and Tissues of the Nervous System

8.2 The Physiology of Neurons

8.3 The Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and Reflexes

Chapter 9 The Nervous System II—The Brain, Cranial Nerves, and Autonomic Nervous System

9.1 Overview of the Brain

9.2 Principal Divisions of the Brain

9.3 Multiregional Brain Functions

9.4 The Cranial Nerves

9.5 The Autonomic Nervous System

Chapter 10 The Sense Organs

10.1 Receptors and Sensations

10.2 The General Senses

10.3 The Chemical Senses—Taste and Smell

10.4 The Ear—Hearing and Equilibrium

10.5 The Eye and Vision

Chapter 11 The Endocrine System

11.1 Overview of the Endocrine System

11.2 Endocrine Physiology

11.3 The Hypothalamus and Pituitary Gland

11.4 Other Endocrine Glands and Tissues

11.5 Stress Physiology

Chapter 12 The Circulatory System I—Blood

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Erythrocytes

12.3 Leukocytes

12.4 Platelets

Chapter 13 The Circulatory System II—Heart and Blood Vessels

13.1 Overview of the Cardiovascular System

13.2 Gross Anatomy of the Heart

13.3 Physiology of the Heart

13.4 General Anatomy of Blood Vessels

13.5 Physiology of Circulation

13.6 Circulatory Routes and Blood Vessels

Chapter 14 The Lymphatic System and Immunity

14.1 The Lymphatic System

14.2 Nonspecific Resistance

14.3 Features of Adaptive Immunity

14.4 Cellular and Humoral Immunity

Chapter 15 The Respiratory System

15.1 Functions and Anatomy of the Respiratory System

15.2 Pulmonary Ventilation

15.3 Gas Exchange and Transport

Chapter 16 The Urinary System

16.1 Functions of the Urinary System

16.2 Anatomy of the Kidney

16.3 Glomerular Filtration

16.4 Tubular Resorption and Secretion

16.5 Water Conservation

16.6 Urine Storage and Elimination

16.7 Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid–Base Balance

Chapter 17 The Digestive System

17.1 Overview of the Digestive System

17.2 The Mouth through Esophagus

17.3 The Stomach

17.4 The Liver, Gallbladder, and Pancreas

17.5 The Small Intestine

17.6 Chemical Digestion and Absorption

17.7 The Large Intestine

Chapter 18 Nutrition and Metabolism

18.1 Nutrition

18.2 Carbohydrate Metabolism

18.3 Lipid and Protein Metabolism

18.4 Metabolic States and Metabolic Rate

18.5 Energy Balance and Appetite Regulation

18.6 Body Heat and Thermoregulation

Chapter 19 The Reproductive System

19.1 Essentials of Sexual Reproduction

19.2 The Male Reproductive System

19.3 The Female Reproductive System

19.4 The Production and Union of Sex Cells

19.5 Pregnancy, Childbirth, and Lactation

Chapter 20 Human Development and Aging

20.1 Fertilization and Preembryonic Development

20.2 The Embryonic and Fetal Stages

20.3 The Neonate

20.4 Aging, Senescence, and Death

Appendix A: Answer Key

Appendix B: Health Science Careers

Appendix C: Symbols, Weights, and Measures

Appendix D: Biomedical Word Roots, Prefixes, and



About the Author

Kenneth Saladin

Kenneth S. Saladin is Professor of Biology at Georgia College & State University in Milledgeville, Georgia, where he has taught since 1977. Ken teaches human anatomy and physiology, introductory medical physiology, histology, animal behavior, and natural history of the Galápagos Islands. He has also previously taught introductory biology, general zoology, sociobiology, parasitology, and biomedical etymology. Ken is a member of the Human Anatomy and Physiology Society, American Association of Anatomists, American Physiological Society, Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, and American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is the author of the best-selling textbooks Anatomy & Physiology: The Unity of Form and Function and Human Anatomy. Ken and his wife Diane have two adult children.

Robin McFarland

Robin McFarland has taught anatomy and physiology at Cabrillo College in Aptos, CA since 1998. She earned a Ph.D. in physical (biological) anthropology from the University of Washington, where she studied the relationship between body fat and reproduction in primates. Robin collaborates on studies of ape anatomy with Adrienne Zihlman at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Robin is a member of the Human Anatomy and Physiology Society, American Association of Anatomists, and American Association of Physical Anthropologists. She was also contributing author to Human Anatomy, second edition, by Ken Saladin. She and her husband Jeff have two children, Reid and Madeleine. Robin enjoys hiking and climbing mountains with her family.