The American Tradition in Literature (concise) book alone https://www.mheducation.com/cover-images/Jpeg_250-high/0073384895.jpeg?404URL=https://shop.mheducation.com/mhshopweb/images/no_cover_140.png 13 9780073384894
The American Tradition in Literature (concise) book alone

The American Tradition in Literature (concise) book alone

Grade Levels: 13
By George Perkins and Barbara Perkins
Copyright: 2009
Publication Date: November 11, 2008
MHID: 0073384895
ISBN 13: 9780073384894

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New Features

A revised table of contents that adds dates for literary periods and clarifies thematic groupings.

New writers, including John James Audubon, Alexander Falconbridge, Al Gore, Francis Higginson, Jack Kerouac, Norman Mailer, Sarah Morgan Bryan Piatt, Jane Johnston Schoolcraft, and John Edgar Wideman.

New works by previously represented writers, including” Emily Dickinson, “I know that He exists;” Herman Melville, from Moby-Dick; Francis Parkman, The Oregon Trail, “The Buffalo;” Carl Sandburg, “Chicago;” and John Greenleaf Whittier, “Massachusetts to Virginia.”

New and newly enriched Crosscurrents entitled “Romanticism and the American Indian,” ”Nature and the Environment in a New World,” “Slavery, the Slave Trade, and the Civil War,” “Faith and Crisis,” “The Age of Anxiety: The Beat Generation and Social Responsibilities,” and “What is an American? Freedom and Responsibility.”


Key Features

Organization honors both history, under headings such as Exploration and the Colonies and The Second World War and its Aftermath, and thematic clusters that include The Romantic Temper and Poets of Idea and Order. Beneath each divisional heading, our arrangement is generally chronological according to the authors’ birth dates.

Reliable Scholarship. Biographical introductions are carefully crafted to provide students with an overview of the life and work of each writer, without attempting to forward any single reading or perspective. Historical introductions, headnotes, and footnotes are scrupulously checked and updated to maintain factual accuracy and to provide an objective overview of periods, lives, and works. Revisions of the general bibliography at the end of the volume ensure its continued value as a guide to reliable sources of information.

Literature in Context. The American Tradition in Literature helps students to find their bearings through introductions that shed light on the historical, social, and cultural contexts in which the literature was produced. Timelines place literary works in their historical context, and the Crosscurrents provide brief, pointed excerpts that help to illuminate major periods and ideas, each resonating against other selections within the book. The intent of these sections is to awaken the reader’s curiosity, stimulate further exploration, and provide subjects for class discussion, essays, and term papers.

Additional Readings Available. Instructors who want to supplement this text or design their own American literature book may want to turn to Primis, a McGraw-Hill online resource with hundreds of authors and thousands of selections that may be selected, printed and bound for classroom use. Among an extensive range of titles offered by Primis online are Toni Cade Bambara’s “The Lesson” and “Gorilla, My Love,” Black Elk’s “High Horse Counting,” Richard Rodriguez’s “Aria: A Memoir of a Bilingual Childhood,” and Diane Wakoski’s “You, Letting the Trees Stand as My Betrayer.” All selections are accompanied by biographical introductions and footnotes. Visit www.primisonline.com for more information.

Online Learning Center

The American Tradition in Literature (concise) book alone

List of Illustrations

Preface

EXPLORATION AND THE COLONIES, 1492–1791

Virginia and the South

New England

Timeline: Exploration and the Colonies

NATIVES AND EXPLORERS

NATIVE LITERATURE: THE ORAL TRADITION

The Chiefs Daughters

Coyote and Bear

Twelfth Song of the Thunder

The Corn Grows Up

At the Time of the White Dawn

Snake the Cause

The Weaver’s Lamentation

CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS (1451-1506)

[Report of the First Voyage]

GIOVANNI DA VERRAZZANO (1485?-1528)

From Verrazzano’s Voyage: 1524

ALVAR NUEZ CABEZA DE VACA (c1490-c1557)

From Narrative of Cabeza de Vaca

Chapter 12: The Indians Bring Us Food

Chapter 16: The Christians Leave the Island of Malhado

RICHARD HAKLUYT (1552-1616)

The Famous Voyage of Sir Francis Drake

[Nova Albion]

SAMUEL DE CHAMPLAIN (c1567-1635)

From Voyages of Samuel de Champlain: The Voyage of 1604–1607

THE COLONIES

JOHN SMITH (1580-1631)

From The General History of Virginia, New England, and the Summer Isles

The Third Book. The Proceedings and Accidents of the English Colony in Virginia

Chapter II: What Happened till the First Supply

The Fourth Book: The Proceedings of the English after the Alteration of the Government Of Virginia

John Smith's Relation to Queen Anne of Pocahontas (1616)

WILLIAM BRADFORD (1590-1657)

From Of Plymouth Plantation, Book I

Chapter IX: Of their Voyage, and how they Passed the Sea; and of their Safe Arrival at Cape Cod

Chapter X: Showing How they Sought out a place of Habitation; and What Befell them Thereabout

From Of Plymouth Plantation, Book II

[The Mayflower Compact (1620)]

[Compact with the Indians]

[First Thanksgiving]

[Narragansett Challenge]

[Thomas Morton of Merrymount

JOHN WINTHROP (1588-1649)

From A Model of Christian Charity

PURITANISM

ANNE BRADSTREET (1612?-1672)

The Prologue

The Flesh and the Spirit

The Author to Her Book

Before the Birth of One of Her Children

To My Dear and Loving Husband

A Letter to Her Husband, Absent upon Public Employment

In Memory of My Dear Grandchild Elizabeth Bradstreet, Who Deceased August, 1665 Being a Year and a Half Old

Upon the Burning of Our House, July 10th, 1666

MARY ROWLANDSON (1636?–1711?)

From A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson

EDWARD TAYLOR (1642?-1729)

The Preface

Upon Wedlock, and Death of Children

Huswifery

Meditation 8, First Series

Upon a Spider Catching a Fly

CROSSCURRENTS: PURITANS, INDIANS, AND WITCHCRAFT

COTTON MATHER (1663-1728)

*[Indian Powaws and Witchcraft]

*MARY TOWNE EASTY (1634?-1692)

[The Petition of Mary Towne Easty]

SAMUEL SEWALL (1652-1730)

*[A Witchcraft Judge’s Confession of Guilt]

COTTON MATHER (1663-1728)

From The Wonders of the Invisible World

Enchantments Encountered

The Trial of Bridget Bishop

A Third Curiosity

THE SOUTH AND THE MIDDLE COLONIES

WILLIAM BYRD (1674-1744)

FromThe History of the Dividing Line

[Indian Neighbors]

JOHN WOOLMAN (1720-1772)

From The Journal of John Woolman

1720-1742 [Early Years]

1757 [Evidence of Divine Truth], [Slavery]

1755-1758 [Taxes and Wars]

ST. JEAN DE CREVÈCOEUR (1735-1813)

From Letters from an American Farmer:

What Is an American?

REASON AND REVOLUTION

The Enlightenment and the Spirit of Rationalism

From Neoclassical to Romantic Literature

Timeline: Reason and Revolution

JONATHAN EDWARDS (1703-1758)

Sarah Pierrepont

From A Divine and Supernatural Light

Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God

Personal Narrative

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN (1706-1790)

From The Autobiography

From Poor Richard's Almanack

Preface to Poor Richard, 1733

The Way to Wealth: Preface to Poor Richard, 1758

*The Speech of Polly Baker

THOMAS PAINE (1737-1809)

From Common Sense

Thoughts on the Present State of American Affairs

The American Crisis

THOMAS JEFFERSON (1737-1809)

The Declaration of Independence

First Inaugural Address

FromNotes on the State of Virginia

[A Southerner on Slavery]

[Speech of Logan]

Letter to John Adams

[The True Aristocracy]

OLAUDAH EQUIANO (1745?-1797?)

From The Interesting Narrative

of the Life of Olaudah Equiano

Chapter II: [Horrors of a Slave Ship]

Chapter III: [Travels to Various Countries]

Chapter VII: [He Purchases his Freedom]

PHILLIS WHEATLEY (1754?-1784)

To the University of Cambridge, in New-England

On Being Brought from Africa to America

On the Death of the Reverend Mr. George Whitefield

An Hymn to the Evening

To S.M. a Young African Painter, on Seeing His Works

To His Excellency General Washington

PHILIP FRENEAU (1752-1832)

To the Memory of the Brave Americans

The Wild Honey Suckle

The Indian Burying Ground

On the Universality and Other Attributes of the God of Nature

CROSSCURRENTS: NATURE AND THE ENVIRONMENT IN A NEW WORLD

FRANCIS HIGGINSON (1586-1630)

From New England’s Plantation

WILLIAM BARTRAM (1739-1832)

From Travels through North and South Carolina, Georgia, East and West Florida

[Indian Corn, Green Meadows, and Strawberry Fields]

JOHN JAMES AUDUBON (1785-1893)

From The Ornithological Biography

Kentucky Sports

FRANCIS PARKMAN (1823-1893)

From The Oregon Trail

Chapter VII: The Buffalo

THE ROMANTIC TEMPER, 1800-1870

Regional Influences

Nature and the Land

The Original Native Americans

Timeline: The Romantic Temper

WASHINGTON IRVING (1783-1859)

From The Sketch Book

Rip Van Winkle

The Legend of Sleepy Hollow

JAMES FENIMORE COOPER (1789-1851)

From The Pioneers

Chapter XXII [Pigeons]

From The Prairie

Chapter XXXIX [Death of a Hero]

WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT (1794-1878)

Thanatopsis

The Yellow Violet

To a Waterfowl

A Forest Hymn

To the Fringed Gentian

The Prairies

The Death of Lincoln

RED JACKET (c. 1752–1830)

[The Great Spirit Has Made Us All]

CROSSCURRENTS: ROMANTICISM AND THE AMERICAN INDIAN

JANE JOHNSTON SCHOOLCRAFT [BAMEWAWAGEZHIKAQUAY] (1800-1842)

Invocation: To My Maternal Grandfather on Hearing of His Descent from Chippewa Ancestors Misrepresented

ROMANTICISM AT MID-CENTURY

EDGAR ALLAN POE (1809-1849)

Romance

Sonnet--To Science

Lenore

The Sleeper

Israfel

To Helen

The City in the Sea

Sonnet--Silence

The Raven

Ulalume

Annabel Lee

Ligeia

The Fall of the House of Usher

The Purloined Letter

The Cask of Amontillado

NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE (1804-1864)

My Kinsman, Major Molineux

Young Goodman Brown

The Minister's Black Veil

The Birthmark

Rappaccini's Daughter

Ethan Brand

HERMAN MELVILLE (1819-1891)

Bartleby the Scrivener

The Portent

The Maldive Shark

Billy Budd, Sailor

TRANSCENDENTALISM

RALPH WALDO EMERSON (1803-1882)

Nature

The American Scholar

The Divinity School Address

Self-Reliance

The Over-Soul

Concord Hymn

Each and All

The Rhodora

Hamatreya

Fable

Brahma

Days

MARGARET FULLER (1810-1850)

From Woman in the Nineteenth Century

CROSSCURRENTS: TRANSCENDENTALISM, WOMEN, AND SOCIAL IDEALS

ELIZABETH PEABODY (1804–1894)

[Labor, Wages, and Leisure]

CHARLES DICKENS (1812–1870)

From American Notes

[The Mill Girls of Lowell]

ELIZABETH CADY STANTON (1815–1902)

Declaration of Sentiments [Seneca Falls, 1848]

SOJOURNER TRUTH (c. 1797–1883)

[Ar’n’t I a Woman?]

FANNY FERN (1811–1872)

Aunt Hetty on Matrimony

The Working-Girls of New York

HENRY DAVID THOREAU (1817-1862)

From Walden

Economy

Where I Lived, and What I Lived for

Brute Neighbors

Conclusion

Civil Disobedience

THE HUMANITARIAN SENSIBILITY AND THE INEVITABLE CONFLICT, 1800-1870

Democracy and Social Reform

Inevitable Conflict

Timeline: The Humanitarian Sensibility and the Inevitable Conflict

CROSSCURRENTS: SLAVERY, THE SLAVE TRADE, AND THE CIVIL WAR

BRITON HAMMON (fl. 1760)

From Narrative of the Uncommon Sufferings, and Surprizing Deliverance of Briton Hammon, a Negro Man

WILLIAM CUSHING (1732–1810)

[Slavery Inconsistent with Our Conduct and Constitution]

ALEXANDER FALCONBRIDGE (1760-1792)

From An Account of the Slave Trade, on the Coast of Africa

HENRY WADSWORTH LONGFELLOW (1807–1882)

The Witnesses

LYDIA MARIA CHILD (1802–1880)

[Reply to Margaretta Mason]

SARAH MORGAN (1842–1909)

From The Civil War Diary of Sarah Morgan

SARAH MORGAN BRYAN PIATT (1836-1919)

Army of Occupation

HENRY WADSWORTH LONGFELLOW (1807-1882)

The Arsenal at Springfield

From The Song of Hiawatha

III. Hiawatha's Childhood

IV. Hiawatha and Mudjekeewis

V. Hiawatha's Fasting

VII. Hiawatha's Sailing

XXI. The White Man's Foot

The Jewish Cemetery at Newport

My Lost Youth

Divina Commedia

The Tide Rises, the Tide Falls

The Cross of Snow

JOHN GREENLEAF WHITTIER (1807-1892)

Massachusetts to Virginia

First-Day Thoughts

Telling the Bees

Laus Deo

OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES (1809-1894)

Old Ironsides

The Last Leaf

My Aunt

The Chambered Nautilus

ABRAHAM LINCOLN (1809-1865)

Reply to Horace Greeley

Address at the Dedication of the Gettysburg National Cemetery

Second Inaugural Address

HARRIET BEECHER STOWE (1811-1896)

From Uncle Tom's Cabin

Chapter VII: The Mother's Struggle

HARRIET JACOBS (1813-1897)

FromIncidents in the Life of a Slave Girl

Chapter VI: The Jealous Mistress

Chapter XVII: The Flight

Chapter XVIII: Months of Peril

Chapter XIX: The Children Sold

FREDERICK DOUGLASS (1817?-1895)

From Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass

Chapter I [Birth]

Chapter VII [Learning to Read and Write].

Chapter X [Mr. Covey]

CROSSCURRENTS: FAITH AND CRISIS

HERMAN MELVILLE (1819-1981)

From Moby-Dick, or The Whale

SARAH MORGAN BRYAN PIATT (1836-1919)

No Help

Emily Dickinson (1830-1886)

338 [I know that He exists]

376 [Of course—I prayed--]

AN AGE OF EXPANSION, 1865-1910

From Romanticism to Realism

Regionalism

The Gilded Age

Timeline: An Age of Expansion

PIONEERS OF A NEW POETRY

WALT WHITMAN (1819-1892)

Preface to the 1855 Edition of Leaves of Grass

Song of Myself

Once I Pass'd Through a Populous City

Facing West from California's Shores

For You O Democracy

I Saw in Louisiana a Live-oak Growing

Crossing Brooklyn Ferry

Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking

The Dalliance of the Eagles

Cavalry Crossing a Ford

Vigil Strange I Kept on the Field One Night

A Sight in Camp in the Daybreak Gray and Dim

The Wound-Dresser

Reconciliation

When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd

There Was a Child Went Forth

To a Common Prostitute

The Sleepers

A Noiseless Patient Spider

To a Locomotive in Winter

Good-bye My Fancy!

EMILY DICKINSON (1830-1886)

49 [I never lost as much but twice]

67 [Success is counted sweetest]

130 [These are the days when Birds come back -- ]

214 [I taste a liquor never brewed -- ]

241 [I like a look of Agony]

249 [Wild Nights -- Wild Nights!]

252 [I can wade Grief -- ]

258 [There's a certain Slant of light]

280 [I felt a Funeral, in my Brain]

285 [The Robin's my Criterion for Tune -- ]

288 [I'm Nobody! Who are you?]

290 [Of Bronze -- and Blaze -- ]

303 [The Soul selects her own Society -- ]

320 [We play at Paste -- ]

324 [Some keep the Sabbath going to Church]

328 [A Bird came down the Walk -- ]

341 [After great pain, a formal feeling comes -- ]

401 [What Soft -- Cherubic Creatures -- ]

435 [Much Madness is divinest Sense -- ]

441 [This is my letter to the World]

448 [This was a Poet -- It is That]

449 [I died for Beauty -- but was scarce]

465 [I heard a Fly buzz -- when I died -- ]

511 [If you were coming in the Fall]

556 [The Brain, within its Groove]

579 [I had been hungry, all the Years -- ]

581 [I found the works to every thought]

585 [I like to see it lap the Miles -- ]

632 [The Brain -- is wider than the sky -- ]

636 [The Way I read a Letter's -- this -- ]

640 [I cannot live with You -- ]

650 [Pain -- Has a Element of Blank -- ]

657 [I dwell in Possibility -- ]

701 [A Thought went up my mind today--]

712 [Because I could not stop for Death -- ]

732 [She rose to His Requirement -- dropt]

754 [My Life had stood -- a Loaded Gun -- ]

816 [A Death blow is a Life blow to Some]

823 [Not what We did, shall be the test]

986 [A narrow Fellow in the Grass]

1052 [I never saw a Moor -- ]

1078 [The Bustle in a House]

1082 [Revolution is the Pod]

1100 [The last Night that She lived]

1129 [Tell all the Truth but tell it slant -- ]

1207 [He preached upon Breadth till it argued him narrow -- ]

1263 [There is no Frigate like a Book]

1304 [Not with a Club, the Heart is broken]

1463 [A Route of Evanescence]

1540 [As imperceptibly as Grief]

1587 [He ate and drank the precious Words -- ]

1624 [Apparently with no surprise]

1732 [My life closed twice before its close -- ]

1760 [Elysium is as far as to]

Letters

[To Recipient Unknown, about 1858]

[To Recipient Unknown, about 1861]

[To Recipient Unknown, early 1862?]

[To T. W. Higginson, 15 April 1862]

[To T. W. Higginson, 25 April 1862]

[To T. W. Higginson, 7 June 1862]

[To T. W. Higginson, July 1862]

[To T. W. Higginson, August 1862]

CROSSCURRENTS: FREEDOM IN THE GILDED AGE

WALT WHITMAN (1819–1892)

From Democratic Vistas

HENRY ADAMS (1838–1918)

From The Education of Henry Adams

Chapter XVII: President Grant

GEORGE WASHINGTON CABLE (1844–1925)

From The Freedman’s Case in Equity

[The Perpetual Alien]

BOOKER T. WASHINGTON (1856–1915)

From Up from Slavery

[The Struggle for an Education]

REALISM AND NATURALISM, 1880-1920

Realism

Spiritual Unrest

Naturalism

Timeline: The Turn of the Century

MARK TWAIN (1835-1910)

The Notorious Jumping Frog of Calaveras County

From Roughing It

[When the Buffalo Climbed a Tree]

From Life on the Mississippi

The Boy's Ambition

[A Mississippi Cub-Pilot]

How to Tell a Story

WILLIAM DEAN HOWELLS (1837-1920)

Editha

HENRY JAMES (1843-1916)

Daisy Miller

The Real Thing

The Beast in the Jungle

BRET HARTE (1836-1902)

The Outcasts of Poker Flat

RED CLOUD (c. 1822-1909)

[All I Want Is Peace and Justice]

SARAH WINNEMUCCA HOPKINS (1844-1894)

From Life among the Piutes

Chapter 1: First Meeting of Piutes and Whites

HENRY ADAMS (1838-1918)

The Dynamo and the Virgin

SARAH ORNE JEWETT (1849-1909)

A White Heron

KATE CHOPIN (1851-1904)

The Awakening

MARY E. WILKINS FREEMAN (1852-1930)

The Revolt of "Mother"

CHARLES W. CHESTNUTT (1858-1932)

The Passing of Grandison

CROSSCURRENTS: PROSPERITY AND SOCIAL JUSTICE AT THE TURN OF THE CENTURY

ANDREW CARNEGIE (1835–1919)

Wealth

STEPHEN CRANE (1871–1900)

The Trees in the Garden Rained Flowers

WILLIAM VAUGHAN MOODY (1869–1910)

Gloucester Moors

On a Soldier Fallen in the Philippines

ZITKALA-SA (1876–1938)

Retrospection

W. E. B. DUBOIS (1868–1963)

From The Souls of Black Folk

Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others

CHARLOTTE PERKINS GILMAN (1860-1935)

The Yellow Wallpaper

FRANK NORRIS (1870-1902)

A Plea for Romantic Fiction

STEPHEN CRANE (1871-1900)

Do Not Weep, Maiden, for War is Kind

The Wayfarer

A Man Said to the Universe

The Open Boat

EDITH WHARTON (1862-1937)

Roman Fever

THEODORE DREISER (1871-1945)

The Second Choice

JACK LONDON (1876-1916)

To Build a Fire

LITERARY RENAISSANCE, 1910-1930

Twentieth-Century Renaissance

Poetry between the Wars

Timeline: Literary Renaissance

NEW DIRECTIONS: FIRST WAVE

EDWIN ARLINGTON ROBINSON (1869-1935)

Luke Havergal

Richard Cory

Miniver Cheevy

Mr. Flood's Party

The Mill

Firelight

New England

WILLA CATHER (1873-1947)

Neighbour Rosicky

ROBERT FROST (1874-1963)

The Tuft of Flowers

Mending Wall

Home Burial

After Apple-Picking

The Wood-Pile

The Road Not Taken

The Oven Bird

Birches

The Hill Wife

The Ax-Helve

The Grindstone

The Witch of Coös

Fire and Ice

Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening

Two Tramps in Mud Time

Desert Places

Design

Come In

Directive

CARL SANDBURG (1878-1967)

Chicago

Fog

Nocturne in a Deserted Brickyard

Monotone

Gone

A Fence

Grass

Southern Pacific

Washerwoman

SHERWOOD ANDERSON (1876-1941)

The Book of the Grotesque

Adventure

SUSAN GLASPELL (1876?-1948)

*Trifles

EZRA POUND (1885-1972)

In a Station of the Metro

Hugh Selwyn Mauberley

From The Cantos

I: [And then went down to the ship]

XIII: [Kung walked]

LXXXI: [What thou lovest well remains]

CXVI: [Came Neptunus]

T. S. ELIOT (1888-1965)

The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

Gerontion

The Waste Land

The Hollow Men

AMY LOWELL (1874-1925)

Patterns

A Decade

ELINOR WYLIE (1885-1928)

Wild Peaches

Sanctuary

Prophecy

Let No Charitable Hope

O Virtuous Light

H.D. (HILDA DOOLITTLE) (1886-1961)

Heat

Heliodora

Lethe

Sigil

POETS OF IDEA AND ORDER

WALLACE STEVENS (1879-1955)

Peter Quince at the Clavier

Disillusionment of Ten O'Clock

Sunday Morning

Anecdote of the Jar

The Snow Man

Bantams in Pine-Woods

A High-Toned Old Christian Woman

The Emperor of Ice-Cream

To the One of Fictive Music

The Idea of Order at Key West

A Postcard from the Volcano

Of Modern Poetry

No Possum, No Sop, No Taters

The Plain Sense of Things

Of Mere Being

WILLIAM CARLOS WILLIAMS (1883-1963)

The Young Housewife

Tract

To Mark Anthony in Heaven

Portrait of a Lady

Queen-Anne's-Lace

The Great Figure

Spring and All

The Red Wheelbarrow

This Is Just to Say

A Sort of a Song

The Dance

The Ivy Crown

MARIANNE MOORE (1887-1972)

Poetry

In the Days of Prismatic Color

An Egyptian Pulled Glass Bottle in the Shape of a Fish

No Swan So Fine

A Jelly-Fish

HART CRANE (1899-1932)

From The Bridge

To Brooklyn Bridge

Van Winkle

The River

The Tunnel

A LITERATURE OF SOCIAL AND CULTURAL CHANGE, 1920-1945

Drama and Social Change

Primitivism

The Roaring Twenties and the Lost Generation

The Harlem Renaissance

Depression and Totalitarian Menace

Timeline: A Literature of Social and Cultural Change

EUGENE O'NEILL (1888-1953)

The Hairy Ape

ROBINSON JEFFERS (1887-1962)

To the Stone-Cutters

Shine, Perishing Republic

The Purse-Seine

CLAUDE MCKAY (1889-1948)

The Harlem Dancer

Harlem Shadows

America

Outcast

EDNA ST. VINCENT MILLAY (1892-1950)

First Fig

[I Shall Go Back Again to the Bleak Shore]

[What Lips My Lips Have Kissed, and Where, and Why ]

Justice Denied in Massachusetts

[This Beast That Rends Me in the Sight of All ]

[Love Is Not All: It Is Not Meat Nor Drink]

[Those Hours When Happy Hours Were My Estate]

[I Will Put Chaos into Fourteen Lines]

E. E. CUMMINGS (1894-1962)

Thy Fingers Make Early Flowers Of

When God Lets My Body Be

In Just-

Buffalo Bill's

My Sweet Old Etcetera

I Sing of Olaf Glad and Big

Somewhere I Have Never Travelled, Gladly Beyond

Anyone Lived in a Pretty How Town

My Father Moved through Dooms of Love

Up into the Silence the Green

Plato Told

When Serpents Bargain for the Right to Squirm

I Thank You God

CROSSCURRENTS: THE JAZZ AGE AND THE HARLEM RENAISSANCE

JAMES WELDON JOHNSON (1871–1938)

[Negro Dialect]

PAUL ROBESON

Reflections on O’Neill’s Plays

LANGSTON HUGHES

When the Negro Was in Vogue

ST JAMES INFIRMARY BLUES

LANGSTON HUGHES (1902-1967)

The Negro Speaks of Rivers

The Weary Blues

Song for a Dark Girl

Trumpet Player

Dream Boogie

Harlem

F. SCOTT FITZGERALD (1896-1940)

Babylon Revisited

JOHN DOS PASSOS (1896-1970)

FromThe 42nd Parallel

Big Bill

From 1919

The House of Morgan

The Body of An American

From The Big Money

Newsreel LXVI

The Camera Eye (50)

Vag

WILLIAM FAULKNER (1897-1962)

That Evening Sun

Barn Burning

ERNEST HEMINGWAY (1899-1961)

Big Two-Hearted River: Part I

Big Two-Hearted River: Part II

KATHERINE ANNE PORTER (1890-1980)

The Jilting of Granny Weatherall

RICHARD WRIGHT (1908-1960)

From Black Boy

[A Five Dollar Fight]

THE SECOND WORLD WAR AND ITS AFTERMATH

Postwar Drama

Postwar Poetry

Postwar Fiction

Multiculturalism

The Postmodern Impulse

Timeline: The Second World War and Its Aftermath

DRAMA

TENNESSEE WILLIAMS (1911-1983)

The Glass Menagerie

CROSSCURRENTS: THE AGE OF ANXIETY: THE BEAT GENERATION AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITIES

JACK KEROUAC

From On the Road

JOHN CLELLON HOLMES (1926–1988)

From The Philosophy of the Beat Generation

DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER (1890–1969)

[The Military Industrial Complex]

RACHEL CARSON (1904–1964)

From Silent Spring

MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR (1929–1968)

I Have a Dream

POETRY

THEODORE ROETHKE (1908-1963)

Open House

Cuttings (later)

My Papa's Waltz

Elegy for Jane

The Waking

I Knew a Woman

The Far Field

Wish for a Young Wife

In a Dark Time

ELIZABETH BISHOP (1911-1979)

The Fish

At the Fishhouses

Questions of Travel

Sestina

In the Waiting Room

One Art

CZESLAW MILOSZ (1911-2004)

Campo dei Fiori

Fear

Café

In Warsaw

Ars Poetica?

To Raja Rao

With Her

ROBERT HAYDEN (1913–1980)

Tour 5

Those Winter Sundays

Year of the Child

JOHN BERRYMAN (1914-1972)

1: [Huffy Henry hid the day]

4: [Filling her compact & delicious body]

14: [Life, friends, is boring. We must not say so]

29: [There sat down, once, a thing on Henry's heart]

76: [Henry's Confession]

145: [Also I love him: me he's done no wrong]

153: [I'm cross with god who has wrecked this generation]

384: [The marker slants, flowerless, day's almost done]

GWENDOLYN BROOKS (1917-2000)

a song in the front yard

The Bean Eaters

We Real Cool

The Lovers of the Poor

ROBERT LOWELL (1917-1977)

Waking in the Blue

Skunk Hour

The Neo-Classical Urn

For the Union Dead

Reading Myself

Epilogue

DENISE LEVERTOV (1923- )

The Third Dimension

To the Snake

The Willows of Massachusetts

ROBERT BLY (1926- )

Driving toward the Lac Qui Parle River

Driving to Town Late to Mail a Letter

Watering the Horse

The Executive's Death

Looking at New-Fallen Snow from a Train

ALLEN GINSBERG (1926-1997)

Howl

America

SYLVIA PLATH (1932-1963)

Morning Song

The Applicant

Daddy

Lady Lazarus

Death & Co

Mystic

AMIRI BARAKA (1934- )

In Memory of Radio

An Agony. As Now.

PROSE

EUDORA WELTY (1909- )

A Memory

VLADIMIR NABOKOV (1899-1977)

From Pnin

Chapter Five [Pnin at the Pines]

ISAAC BASHEVIS SINGER (1904-1991)

Gimpel the Fool

JOHN CHEEVER (1912-1982)

The Swimmer

RALPH ELLISON (1914- )

From Invisible Man

Chapter 1 [Battle Royal]

BERNARD MALAMUD (1914-1986)

The Mourners

SAUL BELLOW (1915- )

A Silver Dish

JAMES BALDWIN (1924-1987)

Sonny's Blues

FLANNERY O'CONNOR (1925-1964)

Good Country People

JOHN BARTH (1930- )

Lost in the Funhouse

JOHN UPDIKE (1932- )

Separating

PHILIP ROTH (1933- )

The Conversion of the Jews

THOMAS PYNCHON (1937- )

Entropy

A CENTURY ENDS AND A NEW MILLENNIUM BEGINS, 1975 to Present

Drama

Poetry

Fiction

Multiculturalism

Timeline: A Century Ends and a New Millennium Begins

CROSSCURRENTS: WHAT IS AN AMERICAN? FREEDOM AND RESPONSIBILITY

BOB DYLAN

Masters of War

NORMAN MAILER (1923-2007)

From Armies of the Night

BETTY FRIEDAN

The Problem that Has No Name

TIM O’BRIEN (1946- )

The Things They Didn’t Know

AL GORE (1948- )

From An Inconvenient Truth

POETRY

JAMES WRIGHT

A Note Left in Jimmy Leonard's Shack

Autumn Begins in Martins Ferry, Ohio

In Terror of Hospital Bills

Two Postures Beside a Fire

JAMES MERRILL (1926-1995)

A Timepiece

Charles on Fire

The Broken Home

JOHN ASHBERY (1927- )

Some Trees

The Painter

Crazy Weather

At North Farm

Down by the Station, Early in the Morning

ANNE SEXTON

Her Kind

The Farmer's Wife

The Truth the Dead Know

With Mercy for the Greedy

ADRIENNE RICH

Aunt Jennifer's Tigers

Living in Sin

Diving into the Wreck

For the Dead

GARY SNYDER

The Late Snow & Lumber Strike of the Summer of Fifty-four

Riprap

Not Leaving the House

Axe Handles

MARY OLIVER

In Blackwater Woods

The Ponds

Picking Blueberries, Austerlitz, New York, 1957.

Early Morning, New Hampshire

JOSEPH BRODSKY (1940-1996)

From Lullaby of Cape Cod

IV [The change of Empires is intimately tied]

Belfast Tune

A Song

To My Daughter

SIMON ORTIZ

Vision Shadows

Poems from the Veterans Hospital

From From Sand Creek

RITA DOVE

Ö

Dusting

Roast Possum

CATHY SONG

Picture Bride

Immaculate Lives

PROSE

JOYCE CAROL OATES (1938- )

Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?

TONI MORRISON

From Sula

1992

RAYMOND CARVER

A Small, Good Thing

BOBBIE ANN MASON

Shiloh

BHARATI MUKHERJEE (1940- )

The Management of Grief

ALICE WALKER

Everyday Use

TIM O'BRIEN

From Going After Cacciato

Night March

ANN BEATTIE

Janus

AMY TAN

Half and Half

LOUISE ERDRICH

The Red Convertible

SANDRA CISNEROS

Woman Hollering Creek

SHERMAN ALEXIE

What You Pawn I Will Redeem

JHUMPA LAHIRI

The Third and Final Continent

EDWIDGE DANTICAT

Seven

Historical-Literary Timeline

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

Index

About the Author

George Perkins

George Perkins is Professor of English at Eastern Michigan University and an Associate Editor of Narrative. He holds degrees from Tufts and Duke universities and received his Ph.D. from Cornell. He has been a Fulbright Lecturer at the University of Newcastle in Australia and has held a Fellowship at the Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities at the University of Edinburgh. In addition to Newcastle and Edinburgh, he has taught at Washington University, Baldwin-Wallace College and Fairleigh Dickinson University. His books include THE THEORY OF THE AMERICAN NOVEL, REALISTIC AMERICAN SHORT FICTION, AMERICAN POETIC THEORY, THE HARPER HANDBOOK TO LITERATURE (with Northrup Frye and Sheridan Baker), THE PRACTICAL IMAGINATION (with Frye, Baker and Barbara Perkins), BENET'S READER'S ENCYCLOPEDIA OF AMERICAN LITERATURE (with Barbara Perkins), KALEIDOSCOPE: Stories of the American Experience (with Barbara Perkins), WOMEN'S WORK; An Anthology of American Literature (with Barbara Perkins and Robyn Warhol), and THE AMERICAN TRADITION IN LITERATURE, 9TH edition (with Barbara Perkins).

Barbara Perkins

Barbara Perkins is Adjunct Professor of English at the University of Toledo and Associate Editor of Narrative. Since its founding, she has served as Secretary-Treasurer of the Society for the Study of Narrative Literature. She received her Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania and has taught at Baldwin-Wallace College, The University of Pennsylvania, Fairleigh Dickinson University, Eastern Michigan University, and the University of Newcastle, Australia. She has contributed essays to several reference works including CONTEMPORARY NOVELISTS, GREAT WRITERS OF THE ENLGISH LANGUAGE, and THE WORLD BOOK ENCYCLOPEDIA. Her books include CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN LITERATURE (with George Perkins), BENET'S READER'S ENCYCLOPEDIA OF AMERICAN LITERATURE (with George Perkins and Phillip Leininger), KALEIDOSCIPE: Stories Of the American Experience (with George Perkins), WOMEN'S WORK: An Anthology of American Literature (with George Perkins and Robyn Warhol) and THE AMERICAN TRADITION IN LITERATURE, 9th edition (with George Perkins).