What is ONboard™?
All students deserve the opportunity to take AP® classes to work toward earning college credit in high school, but not all students have the background knowledge and skills they need to be successful.
ONboard addresses this need by providing AP course preparation, which helps students develop a foundation of knowledge and skills they can build upon before class begins.
What does ONboard include?
Every element of ONboard is created in collaboration with a team of experienced AP teachers and experts.
This Advanced Placement Program® solution features:
- Videos, animations, and interactive content to address different learning styles and keep students engaged.
- Check points and quizzes with immediate feedback to gauge student understanding.
- A Pretest and final Comprehensive Assessment to show growth and help identify knowledge gaps through robust reporting.
What ONboard Covers
Table of Contents
Introduction to ONboard for AP Biology
Module 1: Biology Big Ideas
- Introduction to the Four Big Ideas
- Big Idea: Evolution
- Big Idea: Energy and Molecular Building Blocks
- Big Idea: Information Storage, Transmission, and Response
- Big Idea: Interdependent Relationships
Module 2: Experimental Design
- Introduction to Experimental Design
- Science Practices
- Graphs: Trend Lines
Module 3: Math Skills
- Metric System
- Solving Equations
Module 4: Graphing and Data Analysis
- Organizing and Presenting Data
- Types of Graphs
- Graphs: Setting Up, Labeling Units, Variables
- Graphs: Data Collection
- Controlled Experiments
- Replicates and Validation
Module 5: Chemistry Foundations
- Basics of Atomic Structure
- Types of Chemical Bonds
- Redox Reactions
- Basic Biochemistry
- Water and pH
Meet the Experts
Paul Andersen has been teaching AP Biology for eleven years and was named 2011 Montana Teacher of the Year. He spent the first half of his career teaching all the science classes at a small rural school in northern Montana. A science teacher and technology specialist at Bozeman High School, Paul uses technology and guided inquiry to differentiate instruction. He has created over 150 science podcasts that are viewed by his students and AP Biology students around the world. The podcasts are available at www.bozemanscience.com. Paul and a fellow teacher are currently planning their fourth summer trip to the Galapagos Islands with a group of AP Biology students.
Whitney Crispen Hagins
Whitney Crispen Hagins began teaching in Durham County, NC thirty years ago, and has taught AP Biology for sixteen years. For the last ten years she has taught all levels of biology at Lexington High School in Lexington, MA. Whitney has presented over 150 workshops and lectures at local, regional and national conferences, including the National Association of Biology Teachers, National Science Teachers Association, the Annual AP conference, and the BioValley College Network Life Science Symposium (Wettigen, Switzerland). She has been named the Massachusetts Biology Teacher of the Year as well as the Massachusetts Siemens AP Math and Science Teacher of the Year. She is on the author team for two high school textbooks: Biology: The Dynamics of Life and Glencoe Biology. Whitney received a BA and MA in biological sciences from Mount Holyoke College and a MAT in botany from Duke University.
Cheryl Hollinger has been teaching for 23 years and has taught various levels of biology and general science at both the high school and college level. She currently teaches in York, Pennsylvania. She is a Key Leader for Building a Presence for Science in Pennsylvania and serves on the Executive Board of the Pennsylvania Science Teachers Association. Her awards include the Outstanding Biology Teacher Award from NABT, Presidential Award for Excellence in Science Teaching (state finalist), the Siemens Award for Excellence in Advanced Placement Science Teaching, and she was honored to be the first person to receive the Kim Foglia AP Biology Service Award. Cheryl has been a consultant with the College Board since 1997 conducting one-day workshops and week long Institutes for other AP teachers at the regional, national and international level. Cheryl is also involved in planning and writing professional development materials for the College Board. In addition, she serves as an AP Exam Reader, Praxis Exam Question Writer, and Reviewer for the American Biology Teacher and The Science Teacher journals.
Dr. Jeff Smith
Dr. Jeff Smith has been an AP Biology teacher for 18 years, teaching AP Biology by Distance Learning for 17 years. He has been an AP Biology College Board Consultant for 16 years and teaching AP Summer Institutes for 17 years. Recently, Jeff helped develop the 2011 APSI training materials for consultants with the goal of moving labs toward the Inquiry Lab framework. Jeff has been an AP Exam Reader for 16 years, holding the position of Table Leader and Question Leader. Also, Jeff has served on the Midwest Regional AP Council and is a regular presenter on AP-related presentations at meetings of the Hoosier Association of Science Teachers, Inc. (HASTI), National Science Teachers of America (NSTA) and the National Association of Biology Teachers (NABT).
Table of Contents
Introduction to ONboard for AP Chemistry
Module 1: Math Skills and Models
- Scientific Notation
- Significant Figures
- Units, Conversion, and Dimensional Analysis
- Percent Error
- Math Sense
- Solving Equations
Module 2: Understanding the Scientific Method
- AP Science Practices
- Scientific Questions
- Data, Claim, and Evidence
- Representation and Models
Module 3: Matter and Structure
- Atomic Structure and Electron Configuration
- Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures
- States, Properties, and Changes in Matter
Module 4: Periodicity and Nomenclature
- Introduction to the Periodic Table
- Periodic Trends
Module 5: The Mole and Molarity
- Avogadro’s Number and Conversions and Calculations
- Empirical and Molecular Formulas
Module 6: Reactions and Stoichiometry
- Writing and Balancing Chemical Equations
- Oxidation Numbers and Redox Reactions
- Classifying Chemical Reactions
- Acid and Base Reactions
- Reaction Stoichiometry
Module 7: Gas Laws
- Kinetic Molecular Theory
- Individual Gas Laws
- Combined and Ideal Laws
- Gas Stoichiometry
Meet the Experts
Dena K. Leggett
Dr. Dena K. Leggett began her teaching adventure at Lake Forest College 26 years ago. She has taught at both the high school and college levels and was a cooperate trainer for the semi-conductor industry. Dena has 12 years of experience teaching AP and IB chemistry, and is currently teaching full time at Allen High School in Allen, TX. Occasionally she picks up a class at Collin College. She has been an AP exam reader for 5 years and is currently an AP exam question contributor. In 2010, ten of her students wrote essays nominating her for the Dallas Mavericks and UPS Teacher Recognition Program and she was one of the few selected out of over 3000 nominated. Dena has presented at the Science Teachers Association of Texas Conference for the Advancement of Science on two occasions and her proposal on the Flipped Classroom has been accepted for the next conference. Most recently, she has led Professional Development sessions on the Flipped Classroom for her school and at two conferences for local school districts. Dena has created over 240 podcasts for her Pre-AP and AP/IB chemistry courses. Dena earned her B.S. in Chemistry at Northern Illinois University and her doctorate in Biochemistry and Physical Chemistry at Wayne State University.
Todd Abronowitz was the lead AP Chemistry teacher for Dallas ISD and currently teaches at Parish Episcopal School in Dallas, TX. He has taught AP Chemistry since 1993 and has been a College Board consultant for AP and Pre-AP Chemistry since 2003. He has received numerous local, state and national awards for his teaching including the 2000 Texas Chemistry Teacher of the Year, 2003 Radio Shack National Teacher Award Winner, and the 2012 National Math and Science Initiative All American Teacher of the Year. He has taught in numerous settings in the states of Michigan and Texas: rural, suburban, and urban public school districts and parochial schools. He has also taught at the college level, most recently for Rice University.
Valerie Ferguson has taught in the Moore Public School system since 1987. Since 1992 she has been teaching high school chemistry, Pre-AP chemistry, and Advanced Placement chemistry. She has also served as Head of the Science Department since 1994. Mrs. Ferguson is also active in several professional organizations including American Chemical Society, serving as chair of the Oklahoma Section in 2000 and 2005, and the Oklahoma Science Teachers’ Association, serving as a board member from 1997-2006. Mrs. Ferguson has organized the free AP Review for students and teachers across most of Oklahoma for more than ten years. She has also served as a Reader for the AP Chemistry exam since 199 and since 2006 has served as a Table Leader.
Kristen Jones has been teaching AP and Pre-AP Chemistry for 26 years and recently retired from A&M Consolidated High School in College Station, Texas. She has also been teaching AP/pre-AP chemistry teacher workshops across the United States for 23 years as a College Board consultant. Her awards include the Outstanding Secondary Science Teacher in Texas, American Chemistry Council Catalyst Award, Siemens’ Foundation Award for Advanced Placement, American Chemical Society Southwest Regional Award, College Board Advanced Placement Special Recognition Award, ACT2 Outstanding Chemistry Teacher in Texas, and Sigma Xi Outstanding Secondary Science Teacher Award. Kristen is also involved with mentoring AP science teachers through NMSI-TX, editing and writing for publishers, testing organizations and the College Board and generally working to improve student knowledge and success in the AP sciences.
Table of Contents
Introduction to ONboard for AP Economics
Module 1: Central Themes
- Speaking Economically
- Marginal Thinking
- Choices & Opportunity Costs
- Unintended Consequences
Module 2: Graphing
- Table to Graph
- Identify a Point on a Graph
- Independent and Dependent Variables
- Shifting & Movement Along a Graph
- Graphing a Concept vs. Graphing Actual Data
Module 3: Math & Problem Solving
- Percentages and Changes in Percent
- Dividing by Decimals
- Calculate GPD and Price Indexes
- Calculate Rates of Inflation
- Nominal and Real Interest Rates
Module 4: Algebra Review
- Variables and Slope
- Manipulating Equations
- Constant / Increasing Rates of Return
- Arithmetic vs. Geometric Progressions
Module 5: Extended Topics
- Circular Flow
- Types of Economic Systems
- Supply, Demand, and Equilibrium
- Role of Government in the Economy
- Business Cycles & GDP
- Economics in the News
- Economic Growth
- Short Run/Long Run
Module 6: The AP Economics Exam
Meet the Experts
Lisa Ellison has taught AP Microeconomics and Macroeconomics at Kokomo High School (Kokomo, IN) since 1988 and is a Reader for AP Economics exams. She has written the AP Achiever Advanced Placement Exam Prep Guide for Microeconomics and Macroeconomics (McGraw-Hill), and published nearly three dozen articles and lessons on economic education. She serves as a reviewer for EconEdLink and is the teacher representative to the Indiana Council for Economic Education Executive Committee.
Amanda Exmeyer teaches AP Microeconomics concurrently with dual-credit Microeconomics through the Advanced College Program at Indiana University. After obtaining her undergraduate degree in Political Science, Amanda completed a teacher licensure program through the university’s affiliation with the Indiana Council for Economic Education. She later completed her M.A. in Secondary Education with an emphasis on economic education, including a research study measuring the results of teacher training and professional development on students’ economic literacy at the elementary level. For the past three years, she has piloted 1:1 computing with web-based instruction in her Economics classroom at Maconaquah High School in north central Indiana.
Robert Larkin is recognized nationally as an educational innovator. He has taught economics and history at Deerfield Academy in Massachusetts and St George’s School in Rhode Island where he held the Anthony M. Zane Teaching Chair in History. Since 1989, he has been College Board Consultant for AP economics and is on the faculty of the Taft Educational Center in Connecticut. Bob co-authored the original Advanced Placement economics course for the College Board in 1989. College Board honored him with the AP Teacher Recognition Award in 1999 for his longstanding commitment to the Advanced Placement Program, a commitment he has sustained by reading AP exams and conducting workshops for teachers in economics throughout the country for over 20 years.
Martha Rush has taught AP Macroeconomics and AP Microeconomics at Mounds View High School in Arden Hills, MN, for eight years. She has worked as an AP Reader for five years and presented on Teaching Development Economics at the AP National Conference in San Antonio, TX, in July 2009. She is also involved in the Minnesota Council for Economic Education and was recently named 3M Innovative Economic Educator for 2011.
AP English Language & Composition
Table of Contents
Introduction to ONboard AP English Language and Composition
Module 1: Reading Skills
- Text and Visuals
- Author's Purpose, Audience, and Tone
- Rhetorical Analysis
Module 2: General Writing Skills
- Writing Clearly
- Using Words Effectively
- Types of Writing
Module 3: Writing Essays
- Pre-Writing: Invention/Discovery
- Developing a Thesis
- Writing Introductory Paragraphs
- Writing Body Paragraphs
- Writing Conclusion Paragraphs
- Writing Arguments
Meet the Experts
National Board Certified, Eva Arce teaches AP English at James Bowie High School in Austin, Texas, where she was selected Teacher of the Year. She has served on several committees for the College Board, including the AP English Test Development Committee, the SAT Critical Reading Committee, and the AP Review of English Standards Commission. Mrs. Arce has been a reader for the AP English Language Exam since 1997 and served as a Question Leader. Her current curricular projects for the College Board integrate rhetorical analysis and visual texts. Currently, she also serves on the Advisory Board for the Teaching Channel and teaches as an adjunct English professor for Austin Community College. Mrs. Arce has a Master’s Degree with a major in English from Texas A&M University, Kingsville.
Stephanie Ferree Hyatt
The lead AP English teacher for Huntsville City Schools, Stephanie Ferree Hyatt teaches AP English Language and Composition at Lee High School in Huntsville, Alabama. In 2012, Hyatt was named Teacher of the Year for both Lee High School and Huntsville City Schools. Hyatt is actively involved with the A+ College Ready Initiative, for whom she teaches AP exam prep sessions for students and curriculum workshops for teachers. Her most recent projects and presentations relate to teaching rhetorical analysis through fiction passage analysis and integrating technology into the AP English classroom. Hyatt holds a Master’s Degree in English from the University of Alabama Huntsville and an Educational Specialist Degree in Teaching and Learning from Liberty University.
National Board Certified, Chad Cooley teaches AP English Language and AP English Literature at Hoover High School in Hoover, Alabama. He has served as English Department Chair for the past seven years, leading curriculum development as well as the establishment of vertical training and teaming throughout his district. As a presenter at regional and national College Board events, Cooley has led professional development on topics ranging from vertical teaming to creative assessment. He also teaches students across the state of Alabama through ACCESS Distance Learning and the National Math and Science Initiative’s A+ College Ready Initiative. Cooley has a degree in English from the University of Southern Mississippi and a Master›s Degree in Secondary Education from the University of Alabama at Birmingham.
Chad Hemmelgarn teaches at US News and World Report’s nationally ranked Bexley High School in Bexley, Ohio, where his classes have included American Literature, British Literature, Media and Culture, Creative Writing, and AP Language and Composition. In his decade-long career, he has been voted Teacher of the Year, enjoyed working with all levels of learners, and founded as well as advised various school literary magazines. He also serves as director of Bexley High School›s Writing Center and SAT testing supervisor. Mr. Hemmelgarn has presented at the AP College Board Forum with a colleague, has written for the McGraw-Hill College and Career Readiness Curriculum, and recently completed his licensure for administration at the Ohio State University, where he earned his Bachelor’s Degree in English as well as a Master’s Degree in Education.
AP Environmental Science
Table of Contents
Introduction to ONboard AP Environmental Science
Module 1: Math Skills
- Metric System
- Scientific Notation
- Dimensional Analysis
- Word Problems
Module 2: Data Analysis
- Data Tables
- Graphing and Graph Analysis
- Analyzing Charts and Diagrams
Module 3: Biology Skills
- Water Cycle
- Cellular Respiration
Module 4: Chemistry Skills
- Atomic Structure
- Elements, Compounds, Mixtures, and Chemical Bonding
- Physical Properties
- Chemical Properties
- Basic Chemical Equations
- Laws of Thermodynamics
Module 5: Geology
- Rock Cycle
- Plate Tectonics
Module 6: Environmental Geography
- World's Major Continents and Countries
- World's Major Events
Meet the Experts
Kevin Bryan teaches AP Environmental Science and Science Career electives at Woodrow Wilson High School in Los Angeles, California. He has been a teacher for 17 years and has been an AP Environmental Science teacher for 13 years. He has been an AP Reader 2001-2006, 2009 and an AP Table Leader 2007 and 2008. He has been a consultant for the College Board since 2002 conducting single and multiple day workshops. Kevin has a BS in Biochemistry, a BA in German, and a Masters in Business Administration. He is also close to finishing a Masters in Science Education. Prior to becoming a teacher, he spent 11 years in the Biotechnology Industry.
Daniel Hyke teaches biology, environmental science, and AP environmental science at Alhambra High School in Southern California where he has been for 26 years. He has been involved with the AP Environmental Science program since its inception over fifteen years ago, participating in a majority of the readings as both as a Reader and a Table Leader. Daniel is a College Board consultant and has lead workshops for over fourteen years. Several of Daniel›s AP Environmental Science labs appear in the laboratory manual and resource guide that accompanies the 15th edition of Miller›s Living in the Environment as well as Brooks-Cole’s Lab Manual for Environmental Science. He has been named one of the top twenty AP Instructors by the Western Region of the College Board and was voted "Teacher of the Year" by the students at Alhambra High School. Daniel earned his BA degree in Environmental Studies at the University of California, Irvine, and his masters degree at California State University, Los Angeles.
Brian Kaestner currently teaches AP Environmental Science and AP Human Geography at Saint Mary’s Hall in San Antonio, where he has been on the faculty for 31 years. With a B.S. in Biology and an M.S. in Environmental Management, Brian also serves with the College Board as an Advanced Placement Consultant. He has been a Reader for AP Biology, AP Environmental Science and AP Human Geography and a Table Leader for AP Biology and AP Environmental Science. He is also the moderator for the AP Environmental Science discussion group. A veteran of both public (PA) and private (NY, TX) schools, Brian is in his thirty-fifth year teaching and coaching soccer. In 2000, he received the "Siemens Award for Advanced Placement Teaching."
Courtney Mayer has been teaching students AP Environmental Science for ten years at Winston Churchill High School where enrollment in AP Environmental Science has grown to 270 students. She is a College Board Consultant in the Southwestern Region and a Reader and Table Leader for the AP Environmental Science Exam. In addition, Courtney is the author of the AP Test Preparation Guide published by Pearson, the test questions for Miller’s AP edition of Living in the Environment, 16th edition by Cengage, Brooks/Cole Publishing, and the Instructors Manual and the Test Bank for Cunningham’s Environmental Science: A Global Concern published by McGraw-Hill. Courtney has worked on the teacher resource binder for the Freidland textbook published by BFW and is currently writing the GED Science portion of The Complete Idiots Guide to the GED and the Strive for a Five AP Prep Book, both of which will be published this fall. Courtney was honored in 2011 with the AP Award by the College Board for helping to promote and continue the mission set by College Board. Courtney earned her B.S. in Wildlife and Fisheries Science from Texas A&M University in 1992.
Pamela Shlachtman currently teaches AP Environmental Science at Miami Palmetto Senior High School and has served as a science instructor in the Miami-Dade Public School System since the mid 1980’s, many of those as Chairperson of the Science Department. With a B.S. in Chemistry and a M.S. in Environmental and Urban Systems, Pamela also served as an adjunct professor at Florida International University for over 10 years. Her professional accomplishments include designing and reviewing science curriculum for the Miami-Dade County Public School System, consulting for the College Board in Advanced Placement Environmental Science, participating in the AP Reading (serving as a Table Leader and Question Leader) and being a former member of the Test Development Committee for AP Environmental Science. In addition to numerous academic achievements, Science Teacher of the Year awards, and awards for Outstanding Leadership in Environmental Science, she coached her 2004 Envirothon Team to a First Place Finish in the North American competition.
AP Human Geography
Table of Contents
Introduction to ONboard AP Human Geography
Module 1: Where is it? Location, Place, and Regions
- Basic Map Skills
- Regions: Dividing Up the World
Module 2: What does it mean? Key Vocabulary and Concepts
- Geography: Its Nature and Perspectives
- Cultural Patterns and Processes
- Political Organization
- Agriculture and Rural Land Use
- Industrialization and Economic Development
- Cities and Urban Land Use
Module 3: Organizing Information
- Study Skills
- Using the AP Textbook
- Thinking Critically
Module 4: Analyzing Spatial Data
- Analyzing Images
- Analyzing Charts, Graphs, and Diagrams
- Analyzing Special-Purpose (Thematic) Maps
- Changing Interconnections among Places
Meet the Experts
Chris Hall was part of the initial group of secondary and higher education professionals who met to develop the AP Human Geography course. He began teaching the course the first year it was offered and scoring exams the second year. Chris was Utah’s Outstanding High School Geography Educator in 1999 and received the Distinguished Teaching Achievement Award from the National Council of Geographic Education in 2007. From 2007-2011, Chris served on the AP Human Geography Test Development Committee as the Content Advisor. Chris was a contributing author of the College Board Vertical Teams Guide for History and the Social Sciences, and the editor of two Curriculum Modules in Human Geography. He leads workshops and Summer Institutes in AP Human Geography and pre-AP social studies strategies across the United States.
Dr. Alicia Isaac
For over 25 years, Dr. Alicia Isaac has taught an extensive social sciences curriculum including geography, government, global studies, world history, economics, and public policy on the university, college, and high school levels. Alicia implemented the AP Human Geography course at a 1600-student high school in the Tampa Bay area where she has taught the course for seven years and is the Social Sciences Department Chair. She also teaches the AP Government and Politics course and Dual Enrollment courses in American National Government and World Religions. In addition to teaching, Alicia is currently working on a pilot program to develop a student progress monitoring system for AP Human Geography and World Cultural Geography. In addition to charting student performance, the qualitative and quantitative data from the progress monitoring system will be used as a portion of the teacher evaluation and to build stronger, consistent teaching of the Human/World Geography content across the district. Alicia has been actively involved in promoting access to rigorous courses for all students and has served on several related committees. She is the author of one book and has authored/co-authored over 10 journal articles and book chapters. Of many awards, Alicia is most proud of the Claus Nobel Educator of Distinction Award from the National Society of High School Scholars. Alicia received her BA in Behavioral Sciences from Erskine College, Master of Social Work from the University of Georgia, PhD in Public Administration from the University of Georgia, and Master of Theological Studies from Emory University.
Jody Smothers-Marcello lives on Bananof Island in Southeast Alaska’s Alexander Archipelago where she teaches AP Human Geography, global issues, world and American history, and English at Sitka High School in Sitka. She has been a leader in geography education at the state and national levels for twenty-five years and has served on the National Council for Geographic Education’s (NCGE) executive board, including a term as president. Jody is the editor of The Geography Teacher, one of NCGE’s two journals. She has served on the board of the National Council for the Social Studies and on the standards committee for the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards Social Studies-History Certificate. Recently, she was a committee member producing A Road Map for 21st Century Geography Education: Assessment, a joint project of the National Geographic Society, NCGE, and the Association for American Geographers. Jody has won multiple state and national awards for her teaching and writing, has authored numerous curricula and teaching materials, and is a frequent and noted professional development presenter at local, state, national, and international venues, including multiple presentations at the College Board’s AP Annual Conference. Jody has served as a Reader and Table Leader for AP Human Geography. She has B.S. and M. Ed. degrees from Texas A&M University and is a National Board Certified Teacher.
A teacher and department head at the Yeshiva of Greater Washington in Silver Spring, Maryland, Pamela Wolfe has been teaching AP European History for over 25 years and has taught the AP Human Geography course since its inception in 2001. Before that, she taught high school French, history and geography. She served as a Reader for AP European History for 15 years and as a Table Leader for 6 years. She was on the AP Test Development Committee, which writes the AP European History exams. She runs College Board programs in AP European History and AP Human Geography, and teaches AP Summer Institutes for teachers in both subjects at schools such as Manhattan College, Goucher College, Rutgers University, University of South Florida, the College of William and Mary, and Penn State University.
Table of Contents
Introduction to ONboard AP Psychology
- Introduction to AP Psychology: The Course
- Introduction to AP Psychology: The Exam
Module 1: You As a Learner
- Mind Set
- Time Management
- Study Habits
Module 2: Reading and Interpreting
- Identifying the Main Idea
- Synthesizing Information
- Critical Thinking
Module 3: What is the Scientific Method?
- Representing and Analyzing Data
Module 4: Statistical Skills
- Mean, Median, Mode, and Standard Deviation
- Statistical Significance
Meet the Experts
Jeanne Blakeslee is an AP Psychology teacher and Director of Diversity and Leadership Education at St. Paul’s School for Girls in Brooklandville, MD. She is a Table Leader for the AP Psychology Exam Reading and a College Board Consultant. Jeanne has several book reviews and articles on AP Central and in the Psychology Teacher Network (PTN) and has written for the American Psychological Association, Holt McDougal, and McGraw-Hill. She is the current chair of the Teachers of Psychology in the Secondary Schools (TOPSS) Committee of the American Psychological Association. Jeanne graduated from Trinity College in Washington, DC, as a psychology major. She earned an MA in Clinical Psychology from Loyola College, an MLE from St. John’s College in Annapolis, and a certificate in Independent School leadership from Johns Hopkins University.
Megan E. Bradley
Megan E. Bradley, Ph.D., is a Professor of Psychology at Frostburg State University (FSU), in western Maryland. She received her Ph.D. from University of Maryland, Baltimore County in applied developmental psychology and a Master’s in clinical psychology from Marshall University. She is coordinator of her university’s General Psychology Program, which has presented its effectiveness in student learning in several conferences. Megan is a Table Leader and Question Writer for the AP Psychology Exam and chairs the CLEP: Human Growth and Development committee for Educational Testing Service. Honors and awards include the USM Regent’s Award in Teaching in 2010 and FSU’s Academic Achievement Award in Professional Development in 2009.
Kelly J. Caswell
Kelly J. Caswell has taught and served as an administrator in a high school setting for over 25 years. She began her career as a high school teacher and spent nineteen years teaching a wide range of social studies courses including psychology, research methods, AP American Government and Politics, and the International Baccalaureate Organization Theory of Knowledge. After serving as a teacher, department head and an International Baccalaureate Organization Middle Years Programme coordinator, Kelly moved into administration where she is in her sixth year as an assistant principal. She currently serves as an assistant principal in the Baltimore City School System at a medical career technology high school that partners with the Baltimore campus of The University of Maryland.
Gary Shea has been teaching AP Psychology since 2004 in a demographically diverse, suburban high school near Detroit. He has also taught for Michigan Virtual School since 2008. For three years, he taught AP Psychology as a semester course, and after that, has taught the class as a year-long class. He has served as a Reader for the AP Psychology Exam since 2009. Gary has degrees from Michigan State University and Oakland University in Education and Social Studies and completed graduate work in psychology and instructional technology at Wayne State University.
AP U.S. Government & Politics
Table of Contents
Introduction to ONboard AP U.S. Government and Politics
Module 1: Civics
- American Political Values in the Declaration of Independence
- Principles of the Constitution
- How Political Values and Principles Relate
- Key Civics Vocabulary
Module 2: Essential AP Government Vocabulary
Module 3: Data Skills
- Analyzing Political Cartoons
- Analyzing Political Maps
- Analyzing Tables, Charts, and Diagrams
- Analyzing Graphs
Module 4: Analyzing Questions
- Multiple-Choice Questions
- Free-Response Questions
Module 5: Article Analysis
- Identifying Types of Documents
- Identifying Political Bias
- Analyzing Types of Arguments
Module 6: Preview to Government and Politics
- Constitutional Underpinnings of U.S. Government
- Political Beliefs and Behaviors
- Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Mass Media
- Institutions of National Government
- Public Policy
- Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Meet the Experts
Tony Cordell is an AP U.S. Government and Politics teacher at Marist School in Atlanta, Georgia, where he has been teaching for thirty years years. He has served as an AP Reader for 15 years, a Table Leader for nine years, and is currently an AP Consultant conducting workshops and seminars throughout the Southeast. He has taught AP U.S. History and has been teaching AP U.S. Government and Politics for 16 years. He has also taught seminars on Current American Policy and Civil Liberties/Rights and presented seminars in "Teaching with Visuals" for Georgia Independent School Association.
Daniel Devitt has taught AP US Government and Politics (US and Comparative) for more than 17 years in San Francisco at Lowell High School and at Menlo School in Atherton, CA, where he currently teaches. As a College Board Faculty Consultant, Daniel has conducted numerous AP teacher workshops and summer institutes, including a workshop at the AP National Conference. He has been an AP Reader and Table Leader at the AP U.S. Government and Politics Reading. From 2000-2004, Daniel served as a member of the AP Test Development Committee.
Lori Dumerer has taught AP U.S. Government and Politics at R.L. Turner High School in Carrollton, TX since 1998. She presents at College Board sponsored one and two day workshops and has national experience as a government instructor for the AP Summer Institutes at various universities. Her contributions include seven sessions for the AP Annual Conference and training teachers in both AP and Pre-AP reading and writing strategies for social studies. She has written curriculum, feature articles, and book reviews for her state’s social studies professional magazine. She also teaches AP Macroeconomics and Pre-AP World History and has taught AP U.S. History and Microeconomics.
Rebecca Small is an AP U.S. Government & Politics and AP Comparative Government & Politics teacher for Fairfax County Public Schools. Rebecca has participated in the scoring of the free response section of the AP Government Exams as a Reader, Table Leader and Question Leader since 1998. She served on the AP Government Test Development Committee for five years and continues to write for several College Board exams. She has been training teachers nationwide in both one-day and week-long summer institutes since 2000. She has several publications, including AP U.S. Government Teacher’s Guide (College Board) and Interpreting Political Data (People’s Publishing) for use in the AP U.S. Government & Politics course.
AP U.S. History
Table of Contents
Introduction to ONboard AP U.S. History
Introduction to AP U.S. History Thematic Learning Objectives
Module 1: Gathering and Organizing Historical Information
- Best Practices for your AP Textbook
- Periodization and Contextualization
- Main Idea
- Making Inferences using Historical Evidence
Module 2: Interpreting Primary Sources
- Interpreting Posters, Illustrations, and Political Cartoons
- Interpreting Photographs, Paintings, and Maps
- Introduction to Interpreting Primary Texts
- Interpreting Primary Texts
Module 3: Interpreting Secondary Sources
- Interpreting Geographics
- Interpreting Data
Module 4: Other Historical Thinking Skills
- Historical Causation
- Patterns of Continuity and Change Over Time
- Crafting Historical Arguments from Historical Evidence
Meet the Experts
Joe Bosley III
Joe Bosley III has been teaching in the Baltimore County Public School system for 28 years, and has taught AP U.S. History for 15 years. Currently a history and social studies teacher at Hereford High School in Parkton, MD, his students have an 87% pass rate on the AP U.S. History exam. He has served as a Reader at AP U.S. History Reading for seven years, and is the co-director of the Baltimore U.S. History Summer Institute 2012 to be held at the Bryn Mawr School in June 2012.
Krista Dornbush currently teaches at Fountain Valley High School in Fountain Valley, CA. She has been teaching high school social studies for 18 years and AP U.S. History for 15 years. Krista is currently serving on the Academic Advisory Committee for the Western Region of the College Board, has scored AP U.S. exams as an AP Reader and Table Leader and has conducted various teacher trainings across the country. Krista authored the Kaplan Review Guide for AP U.S. History and Developing Reading Habits in the Social Studies for the College Board.
Steven Mercado is chair of the Department of Social Studies at Chaffey High School in Ontario, California. He has taught AP U.S. History for 18 years, has served as a reader for the AP U.S. History Exam (he is currently a Question Leader for the AP European History Exam), and has content reviewed numerous publications including Kaplan AP U.S. History, Created Equal: a Social and Political History of the United States, and Kaplan CSET. He has written numerous test items for the Praxis exam and the AP European History Exam and has served as a panelist at the AP National Conference. He is also the founder and webmaster of the popular HistorySage.com website that provides study materials for both students and teachers in AP U.S. History and AP European History.
Robert Naeher, chair of the History and Social Sciences Department at Emma Willard School, in Troy, NY, has taught AP U.S. History for 14 years. He has served as a Reader for the AP U.S. History exams for ten years and as a Table Leader for two years. For AP Central, he edited a curriculum module on Antebellum Reform and a lesson titled "Early Native American and European Contacts and Perceptions: Lesson Ideas and Resources". He has presented papers at the College Board’s Annual AP Conference, most recently on using images as primary sources in teaching the AP U.S. History class.
AP World History
Table of Contents
Introduction to ONboard AP World History
Module 1: Introduction to AP World History Themes
Module 2: Gathering and Organizing Information
- Identifying the Main Idea
- Making Inferences
- Synthesizing Information
Module 3: Reading and Interpreting
- Continuity and Change Over Time
- Point of View
Module 4: Analyzing Skills
- Analyzing Visuals
- Analyzing Geographics
- Analyzing Data
- Analyzing Primary and Secondary Sources
Meet the Experts
Dixie Johnson Grupe
Dixie Johnson Grupe has taught AP World History and AP European History for Columbia Public Schools, Columbia, MO for 28 years. She has worked as an AP Reader, Table Leader, Sample Selector and served on the AP World History Test Development Committee from 2008-2010. Currently, she serves as an SAT II World History Committee member. She co-authored the AP Achiever: Advanced Placement Exam Prep Guide (McGraw-Hill) and support materials for Bentley’s Traditions and Encounters, AP Edition. She is a 20 year adjunct faculty member at the University of Missouri-Columbia’s College of Education. Dixie also is an instructor for Minority Achievement Scholars transition program, preparing non-traditional AP students to be successful in high school AP courses.
Greg Grupe has 17 years’ experience as a classroom teacher and 13 years as an administrator for Columbia Public Schools, Columbia, Mo. He was an administrative representative on David H. Hickman High School’s AP Committee and has conducted teacher observations and evaluations in AP World, American, and European History, Biology, Chemistry, Art, American Literature, German, French, Spanish, and German classes. He recently co-authored support materials for Bentley’s Traditions and Encounters, AP Edition. He is a 25 year adjunct faculty member at the University of Missouri‐Columbia’s College of Education working with Social Studies majors and first-year teachers. Greg also works with the Minority Achievement Scholars transition program, preparing non-traditional AP students to be successful in high school AP courses.
Charles Hart has taught six different Advanced Placement courses in six high schools in four countries since the 1980s. He has been an AP World History Table Leader for the last seven years and has also read AP Exams in U.S. History and European History. He has conducted AP workshops in Georgia, Iowa, Wisconsin, California, Texas, North Carolina, Florida, and Arkansas. Charlie has also presented at the AP Annual Conference.
John Maunu has taught history for 40 years, including AP World History, AP European, and AP U.S. History. As a College Board AP World History consultant since 2005, he teaches workshops nationally. At the AP Reading, John is both an AP World History Reader and Table Leader. He is Internet Resources Editor of World History Connected on-line magazine.
Barbara Ozuna has taught history in the Fort Worth Independent School District for 21 years. She graduated with a BA in History and Spanish from Texas Christian University and earned her Masters of Arts in History from the University of North Texas. Barbara has been teaching AP world history since the course’s inception in 2001, first piloting the course for the District and then formally proposing its adoption by the school board. Barbara has also spent time on vertical articulation within the discipline, aligning the pre-AP world geography course to the AP world history course and writing its curriculum for the district. She has also taught AP Human Geography and AP European History at Paschal High School. She is currently the academic coordinator in addition to continuing her involvement with AP World History.
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