Women Across Cultures: A Global Perspective https://www.mheducation.com/cover-images/Jpeg_250-high/0078026970.jpeg?404URL=https://shop.mheducation.com/mhshopweb/images/no_cover_140.png

Women Across Cultures examines contemporary women's issues and empowerment from a global perspective. Gender inequality is examined as a historical, sociocultural phenomenon within the context of interlocking systems of inequality such as racism, colonialism, and economic injustice. A strong emphasis is given to the variety of approaches and actions women take to promote gender equality and to influence women's progress. The influence of intersectional and contextual factors on women's issues, activism, and movements are a key focus.

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Table of Contents

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Program Details

Preface

1 Introduction to Global Women’s Studies

Theme 1: Global Women’s Studies Sees Gender Inequality as a Historical, Sociocultural Phenomenon

Theme 2: Global Women’s Studies is About Activism and Empowerment

Theme 3: Global Women’s Studies Takes a Multicultural, Intersectional, Contextualized Approach

The Importance of Similarity

The Importance of Difference

The Challenge of Multiculturalism

Theme 4: Global Women’s Studies Views Women’s Rights as Human Rights

Overview of the Book

Glossary Terms and Concepts

Study Questions

Discussion Questions

2 Women’s Lower Status and Power

Men’s Greater Economic Power

Men’s Greater Political and Legal Power

The Higher Status of Boys and Men

Women and Girls as Objects and Property

Violence Against Women and Girls (VAWG)

Domestic or Intimate Partner Violence

Sexual Violence

Rape

Conflict-Related Sexual Violence

Conclusion

Glossary Terms and Concepts

Study Questions

Discussion Questions and Activities

Action Opportunities

Activist Websites

Informational Websites

3 Reproductive Health and Reproductive Rights

Maternal Mortality and Morbidity

Maternal Mortality

Maternal Morbidity

Female Genital Mutilation/Female Genital Cutting

Contraception, Reproductive Choice, and Reproductive Health

Abortion

The Agents That Control Women’s Reproductive Choice and Health

Government

Men

Corporations

Religious Organizations

Women

Conclusion

Glossary Terms and Concepts

Study Questions

Discussion Questions and Activities

Action Opportunities

Activist Websites

Informational Websites

4 Women’s Sexuality and Sexual Rights

Sexual Rights as Human Rights

A Women's Sexuality is Often Not Her Own

Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, and Human Rights (SOGI RIGHTS)

Gender Identity

Sexual Orientation

Lesbian and Bisexual Women's Invisibility

Sexual Orientation and Feminism

Lesbian Feminism

Conclusion

Glossary Terms and Concepts

Study Questions

Discussion Questions and Activities

Action Opportunities 88

Activist Websites 89

Informational Websites 89

5 Women’s Work

Women's Unpaid Care Work

Explanations for Gender-Inequalities in Unpaid Care Work

Why the Gender Gap in Unpaid Care Labor Matters

Women's Paid Labor

Effects of Paid Work on Women

Maternity Protection and Child-Care

The Gender Wage (Pay) Gap: Explanations and Solutions

The Glass Ceiling: Explanations and Solutions

Sexual Harassment in the Workplace

Women in the Informal Labor Sector

Conclusion

Glossary Terms and Concepts

Study Questions

Discussion Questions and Activities

Action Opportunities

Activist Websites

Informational Websites

6 Women, Development, and Environmental Sustainability

Background

Development Terminology

Colonial History

Women in Developing Nations (the Global South)

Feminist Concerns with the Development Process

Traditional Development Programs Fail to Recognize Women’s Economic Contributions

Traditional Development Programs Have Not Reduced Women’s Considerable Workloads

Traditional Development Programs Focus on Men’s Income Generation

Traditional Development Programs Have Contributed to Erosions in Women’s Status

Women in Development Approach (WID)

Income-Generating Projects

Labor-Saving Technologies

Improving Women’s Access to Development Resources

Gender and Development Approach (GAD)

Women, the Environment, and Sustainable Development

Sustainability Basics

Women and Environmental Sustainability

Women's Environmental Activism

Conclusion

Glossary Terms and Concepts

Study Questions

Discussion Questions and Activities

Action Opportunities

Activist Websites

Informational Websites

7 Women and Globalization

The Effects of Globalization on Women

Women’s Work in the Transnational Factory

Stopping Sweatshop Labor

The Global Economy and Women’s Migration

Migrating for Domestic Work

Migrating to Marry

Women and Girls’ Labor in the Global Sex Trade

Sex Tourism

Sex Trafficking

Conclusion

Glossary Terms and Concepts

Study Questions

Discussion Questions and Activities

Action Opportunities

Activist Websites

Informational Websites

8 Women and Religion

Diversity and the Study of Women and Religion

Religious and Spiritual Diversity

Religious Fundamentalism

Critiquing and Deconstructing Religion

Masculine God-Language and Imagery

Sexism in Religious Texts

Gender-Segregated Religious Practices and Traditions of Male Religious Leadership

Reforming and Reconstructing Religion

Women and the World’s Major Religions

Islam

Judaism

Hinduism

Buddhism

Christianity

Intersectional Feminist Theologies

Feminist Spirituality

Conclusion

Glossary Terms and Concepts

Study Questions

Discussion Questions and Activities

Action Opportunities

Activist Websites

Informational Websites

9 Women and Politics

Women’s Voting

Women Representatives in Parliaments, Congresses, and Cabinets

Importance of Women Representatives in Parliaments, Congresses, and Cabinets

Explaining the Relatively Low Numbers of Women in Parliaments and Congresses

Increasing the Number of Women Representatives in Parliaments and Congresses with Electoral Reforms

Other Strategies for Increasing Women's Representation in Parliaments and Congresses

Women Heads of State and Government: Presidents and Prime Ministers

Paths to Power

Gender Differences in Leadership

Advocacy of Women’s Issues

Women Political Executives and Gender Stereotypes

Women in Informal Politics: Social and Protest Movements

Women’s Action Around Economic Issues

Women’s Action Around Nationalist and Racial/Ethnic Issues

Women’s Action Around Humanistic/Nurturing Issues

Conclusion

Glossary Terms and Concepts

Study Questions

Discussion Questions and Activities

Action Opportunities

Activist Websites

Informational Websites

10 Women’s Movements

Diversity in Women's Movements

Different Strands of Women's Movements

Not All Women's Movements Are Feminist Movements

Forces Operating Against Women’s Activism

Contextual Influences on Women's Movements

Local Political and Economic Conditions

Women's Movements Arising from Class Struggles

Women's Movements Arising from Nationalist Struggles

Women's Movements and Democratization

Women's Movements and State Feminism

Debate About the Role of the State

Factors Affecting the Success of State Feminism

Conclusion

Glossary Terms and Concepts

Study Questions

Discussion Questions and Activities

Action Opportunities

Activist Websites

Informational Websites

 

Appendix

Glossary

References

Index