The Truth about the World: Basic Readings in Philosophy
Table of Contents

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1. Introduction James Rachels


2. Socrates’ Trial Plato

3. Socrates’ Decision to Die Plato

4. Socrates’ Question about Justice Plato


5. Five Ways to Prove That God Exists St. Thomas Aquinas

6. The Watch and the Watch-Maker William Paley

7. The Fine-Tuning Argument Peter van Inwagen

8. Why Doesn’t God Intervene? B. C. Johnson

9. The Problem of Evil Peter van Inwagen

10. Why I Am Not a Christian Bertrand Russell

11. You Bet Your Life: Pascal’s Wager Defended William Lycan and George Schlesinger


12. Do We Survive Death? Bertrand Russell

13. Split Brains and Personal Identity Derek Parfit

14. Where Am I? Daniel C. Dennett

15. The Mind–Brain Identity Theory David Armstrong

16. Bat Sonar Thomas Nagel

17. Facing Up to the Problem of Consciousness David Chalmers

18. The Myth of the Computer John R. Searle


19. A Defense of Free Will Skepticism Derk Pereboom

20. Compatibilism Defended W. T. Stace

21. On Liberty John Stuart Mill


22. Meditations I and II René Descartes

23. Does Matter Exist? George Berkeley

24. The Lure of Radical Skepticism Michael Huemer


25. Ethics and Human Feeling David Hume

26. Our Sense of Right and Wrong C. S. Lewis

27. The Virtues Martha C. Nussbaum

28. Four Applications of the Categorical Imperative Immanuel Kant

29. Four Ethical Principles Peter Singer

30. The Debate over Utilitarianism James Rachels and Stuart Rachels

31. The Experience Machine Robert Nozick

32. The Meaning of Life Richard Taylor