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Problems from Philosophy

Problems from Philosophy

3rd Edition

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ISBN10: 0073535893 | ISBN13: 9780073535890

$66.36

The estimated amount of time this product will be on the market is based on a number of factors, including faculty input to instructional design and the prior revision cycle and updates to academic research-which typically results in a revision cycle ranging from every two to four years for this product. Pricing subject to change at any time.

Program Details

Contents

Preface

About the Third Edition

1. THE LEGACY OF SOCRATES

1.1 Why Was Socrates Condemned?

1.2 Why Did Socrates Believe He Had to Die?

2. GOD AND THE ORIGIN OF THE UNIVERSE

2.1 Is It Reasonable to Believe in God?

2.2 The Argument from Design

2.3 Evolution and Intelligent Design

2.4 The First Cause Argument

2.5 The Idea That God Is a Necessary Being

3. THE PROBLEM OF EVIL

3.1 Why Do Good People Suffer?

3.2 God and Evil

3.3 Free Will and Moral Character

4. DO WE SURVIVE DEATH?

4.1 The Idea of an Immortal Soul

4.2 Is There Any Credible Evidence of an Afterlife?

4.3 Hume’s Argument against Miracles

5. THE PROBLEM OF PERSONAL IDENTITY

5.1 The Problem

5.2 Personhood at a Time

5.3 Personhood over Time

5.4 Bodily Continuity

5.5 Memory

6. BODY AND MIND

6.1 Descartes and Elizabeth

6.2 Materialist Theories of the Mind

6.3 Doubts about Materialist Theories

7. COULD A MACHINE THINK?

7.1 Brains and Computers

7.2 An Argument That Machines Could Think

7.3 The Turing Test

7.4 Why the Turing Test Fails

8. THE CASE AGAINST FREE WILL

8.1 Are People Responsible for What They Do?

8.2 Determinism

8.3 Psychology

8.4 Genes and Behavior

9. THE DEBATE OVER FREE WILL

9.1 The Determinist Argument

9.2 The Libertarian Response

9.3 The Compatibilist Response

9.4 Ethics and Free Will

10. OUR KNOWLEDGE OF THE WORLD AROUND US

10.1 Vats and Demons

10.2 Idealism

10.3 What Evidence for These Views Might Be Like

10.4 Descartes’ Theological Response

10.5 Direct vs. Indirect Realism

10.6 Vision and the Brain

10.7 Conclusion

11. ETHICS AND OBJECTIVITY

11.1 Thrasymachus’s Challenge

11.2 Is Ethics Just a Matter of Social Conventions?

11.3 Ethics and Science

11.4 The Importance of Human Interests

12. WHY SHOULD WE BE MORAL?

12.1 The Ring of Gyges

12.2 Ethics and Religion

12.3 The Social Contract

12.4 Morality and Benevolence

13. THE MEANING OF LIFE

13.1 The Problem of the Point of View

13.2 Happiness

13.3 Death

13.4 Religion and the Indifferent Universe

13.5 The Meaning of Particular Lives Appendix: How to Evaluate Arguments Notes on Sources Index