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Human Diversity in Education

Human Diversity in Education

9th Edition
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ISBN10: 1260272001 | ISBN13: 9781260272000

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The estimated amount of time this product will be on the market is based on a number of factors, including faculty input to instructional design and the prior revision cycle and updates to academic research-which typically results in a revision cycle ranging from every two to four years for this product. Pricing subject to change at any time.

Program Details

 

Table of Contents:

 

Part 1 Foundations for Teaching in an Increasingly Intercultural Context

 

Chapter 1 Education in a Changing Society

Case Study: Samantha Carter’s Diversity Class

The Reality of Social Change

Institutions in Transition

The Impact of Specific Changes on Basic Institutions

Rethinking Schools and Learning: The Effort to Reform Our Schools

The Difficulty of Change

Ideological Perspectives on Multicultural Education

Goals of This Book

Goal 1: To Recognize Social and Cultural Change

Goal 2: To Understand Culture, Learning, and the Culture-Learning Process

Goal 3: To Improve Intergroup and Intragroup Interactions

Goal 4: To Transmit Intercultural Understanding and Skills to Students

The Role of Stories, Cases, and Activities

Stories

Case Studies and Critical Incidents

Summary

Chapter Review

Key Terms

Reflective Questions

References

 

Chapter 2 Multicultural and Global Education: Historical and Curricular Perspectives

Historical Perspectives on Diversity in the United States

We Have Been Different From the Beginning

Case Study

Industrialization, Immigration, and Religious Pluralism

The Civil War: Freedmen’s Schools and the Issue of Race

Historical Perspectives on Approaches to Diversity in U.S. Schools

Anglo-Conformity and Assimilationist Ideology

Multiculturalism and Pluralist Ideology: The Civil Rights Movement and the Schools

The Emergence of Global Education in the United States

Multicultural and Global Education: Differences and Similarities

Challenges to Multicultural and Global Education in American Schools

The Difficulties of Change

Ideological Resistance to Broader Perspectives

Ideological Shifts in Governmental Politics from Liberal to Conservative

Internationalization in Higher Education

Intercultural Education and the Preparation of Teachers in Higher Education

The Impact of Global Perspectives on American Education

Summary

Chapter Review

Key Terms

Active Exercise

Reflective Questions

References

 

Chapter 3 Culture and the Culture-Learning Process

Exploring the Concept of Culture

Case Study: Beechland Heights: A Thought Experiment

Defining Culture

Culture in Everyday Use

Commonalities in Definitions of Culture

Humans Construct Culture

Culture Is Shared

Culture Is Both Objective and Subjective

Culture Is Nurtured

Applying the Concept of Culture

Culture-Specific Versus Culture-General Frameworks

The Culture-Learning Process

What Is Learned: The Sources of Cultural Knowledge

How Culture Is Learned: The Socializing Agents

When Culture Is Learned: The Process of Socialization

Primary Socialization and Cultural Similarities

Secondary Socialization

Some Consequences of Socialization

Perception and Categorization

Some Limits on Socialization

Understanding Cultural Differences

Variations in Cultural Environments: Returning to Beechland Heights

Variations in Cultural Attributes, Socializing Agents, and Cultural Learners

Summary

Chapter Review

Key Terms

Active Exercise

Refl ective Questions

References

 

Chapter 4 Classrooms and Schools as Cultural Crossroads

Case Study: Melinda’s Induction Year Dilemma

Schools and Classrooms: Where Cultures Intersect

Student Culture

Teacher Culture

Parent Culture

School Culture

Teachers as Cultural Mediators

Cross-Cultural Adaptation

Acculturation and Identity

Themes From Cross-Cultural Psychology

A Model of Intercultural Interaction

Stage 1: Understanding Emotional Responses in Intercultural Interaction

Stage 2: Understanding the Cultural Basis of Unfamiliar Behavior

Stage 3: Making Adjustments and Reshaping Cultural Identity

Applying the Culture-General Model

Identifying Commonalities Among Groups

Identifying Differences Within a Group

Critical Incidents at Wake Central High

Discussion of Critical Incidents

Summary

Chapter Review

Key Terms

Active Exercise

Reflective Questions

References

 

Chapter 5 Intercultural Development: Considering the Growth of Self and Others

Intercultural Competence

Case Study: Dissent at Maplewood School

Developing Intercultural Sensitivity

Ethnocentric Stages of the DMIS

Ethnorelative Stages of the DMIS

Where are You, and Most Teachers, on the Intercultural Continuum?

Critical Incidents at Maplewood

Summary

Chapter Review

Key Terms

Active Exercise

Refl ective Questions

References

 

Part 2 Multicultural Teaching in Action

 

Chapter 6 Creating Classrooms That Address Race and Ethnicity

Case Study: The Chameleon

Lay Versus Scientifi c Understanding of Race and Ethnicity

Pedagogies: Old and New

Roles: Old and New

Place of Content Knowledge: Old and New

Assessment: Old and New

Understanding Prejudice and Racism

The Functions of Prejudice

Prejudice Formation: The Components of Prejudice

How Children Learn Prejudice

Extreme Cases of Prejudice

Strategies for Prejudice Reduction

Parent and Teacher Talk

Curriculum Transformation

  1. Improving Social Contact and Intergroup Relations 180Some Cautions in Applying the Contact Hypothesis
  2. Increasing Cognitive Sophistication
  3. Improving Self-Confi dence and Self-Acceptance
  4. Increasing Empathy for and Understanding of Others

Comprehensive Programs That Improve Intergroup Relations

Antibias Education for Young Children

Cooperative Learning

A World of Difference

Facing History and Ourselves

Critical Incidents

Summary

Chapter Review

Key Terms

Active Exercise

Classroom Activities

Refl ective Questions

References

 

Chapter 7 The Classroom as a Global Community: Nationality and Region

Case Study: A Global Classroom

Education in a Global Society

What Is Globalization?

Characteristics of Globalization

Teaching With a Global Purpose

Education for a Global Perspective

How Do We Achieve the Cognitive Demands Required for a Global Mind-Set?

Is Technology Facilitating a Global Mind-Set?

Curriculum Transformation: The International Perspective

Perspective Consciousness

State of the Planet Awareness

Cross-Cultural Awareness

Knowledge of Global Dynamics or World Systems

Awareness of Human Choice

What, Specifi cally, Should Students Study?

Characteristics of a Global Classroom

Pedagogies: Old and New

Roles: Old and New

Place of Content Knowledge: Old and New

Assessment: Old and New

Teaching the Global Perspective

Comprehensive International Education Frameworks

Programs for the K–12 Context

International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO)

Asia Society/EdSteps

Programs for Teacher Education

Programs That Link Schools

Perspectives on a Globally Oriented Curriculum

Ethical Concerns

Summary

Chapter Review

Key Terms

Active Exercise

Classroom Activities

Reflective Questions

References

 

Chapter 8 Teaching in a Linguistically Diverse Classroom: Understanding the Power of Language

Case Study: Emma Lansing Learns to Listen to Language

Case Analysis

Characteristics of a Linguistically Diverse Classroom

The Need for Effective Linguistically Diverse Classrooms

Pedagogies: Old and New

Roles: Old and New

Place of Content Knowledge: Old and New

Assessment: Old and New

Perspectives on First Language Acquisition

Language and the Family

Institutional Aspects of Language in the Family

Perspectives on Language Variation

Verbal Communication

Nonverbal Communication

Perspectives on Second-Language Acquisition

Bilingualism and the Law: 1960–2015

The Current Debate on How to Teach English Learners (ELs)

Understanding Terminology

Stages in Second Language Acquisition

Understanding the Difference Between Social and Academic Language Acquisition

Other Important Concepts in Second-Language Acquisition

Ethical Issues: Local and Global

Summary

Chapter Review

Key Terms

Active Exercise

Classroom Activities

Refl ective Questions

Endnote

References

 

Chapter 9 Religious Pluralism in Secular Classrooms

Case Study: Religion in a Secular Classroom

Rationale for Attending to Religion in Public Schools

Defi nitions of Religion

Religious Pluralism in the United States

European Infl uences on Religion in the United States

African Infl uences on Religion in the United States

Middle Eastern Infl uences on Religion in the United States

Characteristics of a Classroom That Attends to Religious Pluralism

Pedagogies: Old and New

Roles: Old and New

Place of Content Knowledge: Old and New

Assessment: Old and New

Case Analysis

Perspectives on Religion and Schooling in the United States

Private Freedoms: Religion and Compulsory School Attendance

Private Freedoms: The Practice of Religious Beliefs in Classrooms

Public Freedoms: Public Funding for Religious Schools

Charter Schools, Home Schooling, and Voucher Programs

Public Freedoms: The Provision of Religious Instruction

Perspectives on Religious Identity

Religion as a Form of Personal Identity

Organized Religion and the Net Generation

The Current Status of Religion in American Public Schools

Ethical Issues

Summary

Chapter Review

Key Terms

Active Exercise

Classroom Activities

Reflective Questions

Endnote

References

 

Chapter 10 Developing Gender Inclusive Schools and Classrooms: The Emergence of Gender and Sexual Diversity

Case Study: I Never Expected Such a Firestorm!

Case Analysis

Rationale for Gender Inclusive Schools

Characteristics of a Gender Inclusive Classroom

Pedagogies: Old and New

Roles: Old and New

Place of Content Knowledge: Old and New

Assessment: Old and New

New Perspectives on Gender Identity

Sex and Gender: Different but Related

Gender Expression and Gender Identity

The Millennials and Beyond

Gender in a Global Context

Gender Role Socialization in the United States

Socialization to Gender Role in the Middle Class

Socialization to Gender Role in Popular Culture, Books, and Toys

Masculine and Feminine Behavior

Gender and the Law for Schools

Early Legislation

More Recent Legislation and Court Cases

Who Decides, Federal or State?

Major Debates at the Local Level

New Perspectives on Gender and Schooling

Schools as Socializing Agents

Re-thinking Gender and Sexual Diversity

Changing the Culture of Schooling

The Importance of Alliances

Ethical Issues

Summary

Chapter Review

Key Terms

Active Exercise

Classroom Activities

Refl ective Questions

Endnote

References

 

Chapter 11 Creating Developmentally Appropriate Classrooms: The Importance of Age and Developmental Status

Case Study: Age in Developmentally Appropriate Classrooms

Rationale for Developmentally Appropriate Educational Practice

Economic Aims for Schooling

Early Childhood Education and Developmentally Appropriate Practice

Constructivist Thought in Developmentally Appropriate Practice

Characteristics of a Developmentally Appropriate Classroom

Pedagogies: Old and New

Roles: Old and New

Place of Content Knowledge: Old and New

Assessment: Old and New

Perspectives on Age and Development

Sensitive Periods and Developmental Crises

Socioemotional Implications of Body Size and Body Image

Individual Differences and Developmental Domains

The Importance of Developmental Knowledge

Summary

Chapter Review

Key Terms

Active Exercise

Classroom Activities

Reflective Questions

Endnotes

References

 

Chapter 12 Creating Inclusive Classrooms: The Ability/Disability Continuum and the Health Dimension

Case Study: Schools That Include All Students

Rationale for Inclusive Classrooms

What Is Exceptionality?

The Ability/Disability Continuum

Historical Perspectives on Special Education

New Perspectives: Being “Neuro-Atypical” and the Mental Health Continuum

The Health Dimension

Characteristics of an Inclusive Classroom

Inclusion and Human Diversity

Pedagogies: Old and New

Roles: Old and New

Place of Content Knowledge: Old and New

Assessment: Old and New

Making Inclusive Teaching Work

The Importance of Collaboration

What Does Flexibility Involve

Ethical Issues in Inclusive Education

Summary

Chapter Review

Key Terms

Active Exercise

Classroom Activities

Refl ective Questions

Endnotes

References

 

Chapter 13 Improving Schools for All Children: The Role of Social Stratification in Teaching and Learning

Case Study: Climate Change and Economic Distress in the Northeast Kingdom

Case Analysis

Pedagogies: Old and New

Roles: Old and New

Place of Content Knowledge: Old and New

Assessment: Old and New

Perspectives on Stratification: Social Class and Social Status

Definitions of Social Class

Changes in the Definition of Social Class

Social Stratification in a Global Context

Social Status

Perspectives on Teaching and Evaluation in the Context of Social Class

The Importance of Teacher Expectations

The Culturally Responsive Teacher

The Debate on Multiple Forms of Assessment: Demand vs. Support

Social Class and School Funding

Hopes for the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA)

Ethical Issues

Summary

Chapter Review

Key Terms

Active Exercise

Classroom Activities

Refl ective Questions

Endnotes

References