English Skills with Readings MLA 2016 Update https://www.mheducation.com/cover-images/Jpeg_400-high/1259988740.jpeg 9 9781259988745 English Skills with Readings emphasizes personalized learning to address student deficits in grammar and mechanics. Powered by Connect Writing, students gain access to an adaptive personalized learning plan which helps them become more aware of what they already know and what they need to practice to prepare themselves for college-level writing.
English Skills with Readings MLA 2016 Update

English Skills with Readings MLA 2016 Update

9th Edition
By John Langan and Zoe Albright
ISBN10: 1259988740
ISBN13: 9781259988745
Copyright: 2015
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ISBN10: 1260111741 | ISBN13: 9781260111743



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Program Details

Readings Listed by Rhetorical Mode xvii

Preface xix

PART 1 Fundamentals of Effective Writing 1

1. An Introduction to Writing 2

Understanding Point and Support 3

Benefits of Paragraph Writing 6

Writing as a Way to Communicate with Others: Considering

Audience and Purpose 7

Writing as a Skill 12

Writing as a Process of Discovery 14

Keeping a Journal 15

Using This Text 17

2. The Four Bases and the Writing Process 18

Prewriting 19

Writing a Topic Sentence and Preparing a Scratch Outline 25

Writing a First Draft 27

Revising 29

Editing 32

Using Peer Review 34

Doing a Personal Review 36

Review Activities 37

3. The First and Second Steps in Writing 51

Step 1: Begin with a Point 52

Step 2: Support the Point with Specific Evidence 54

Reinforcing Point and Support 58

The Importance of Specific Details 61

The Importance of Adequate Details 64

Practice in Making and Supporting a Point 67

4. The Third Step in Writing 89

Step 3: Organize and Connect the Specific Evidence 90

Practice in Organizing and Connecting Specific Evidence 101

5. The Fourth Step in Writing 111

Step 4: Write Clear, Error-Free Sentences 111

Revising Sentences 111

Editing Sentences 128

Practice in Revising Sentences 130

Using Parallelism 131

Using a Consistent Point of View 132

Using Specific Words 133

Using Concise Wording 135

Varying Your Sentences 136

6. Four Bases for Revising Writing 141

Base 1: Unity 142

Base 2: Support 144

Base 3: Coherence 146

Base 4: Sentence Skills 148

Practice in Using the Four Bases 153

7. Writing in the Digital Age 168

Tips for Writing On-Screen 169

Using Digital and Electronic Resources at Each Stage of the Writing Process 169

Using the Internet 173

A Look Ahead to Part 2 181

PART 2 Paragraph Development 183

8. Exemplification 184

Evaluating Student Paragraphs 186

Developing an Exemplification Paragraph 188

Writing an Exemplification Paragraph 191

9. Process 199

Evaluating Student Paragraphs 200

Developing a Process Paragraph 203

Writing a Process Paragraph 206

10. Cause and/or Effect 214

Evaluating Student Paragraphs 215

Developing a Cause and/or Effect Paragraph 217

Writing a Cause and/or Effect Paragraph 220

11. Comparison and/or Contrast 229

Evaluating Student Paragraphs 230

Two Common Methods of Development 232

Evaluating Additional Paragraphs 236

Developing a Comparison and/or Contrast Paragraph 238

Writing a Comparison and/or Contrast Paragraph 241

12. Definition 250

Evaluating Student Paragraphs 252

Developing a Definition Paragraph 254

Writing a Definition Paragraph 257

13. Division-Classifi cation 263

Evaluating Student Paragraphs 264

Developing a Division-Classification Paragraph 268

Writing a Division-Classification Paragraph 271

14. Description 278

Evaluating Student Paragraphs 280

Developing a Descriptive Paragraph 282

Writing a Descriptive Paragraph 285

15. Narration 293

Evaluating Student Paragraphs 294

Developing a Narrative Paragraph 297

Writing a Narrative Paragraph 299

16. Argument 305

Strategies for Argument 306

Evaluating Student Paragraphs 308

Developing an Argument Paragraph 313

Writing an Argument Paragraph 315

PART 3 Essay Development 323

17. Writing the Essay 324

What Is an Essay? 325

Important Points about the Essay 328

Evaluating Student Essays 332

Planning the Essay 337

Practice in Writing the Essay 339

Preparing for Essay Exams 346

Essay Assignments 349

PART 4 Handbook of Sentence Skills 357

SECTION I Grammar 358

18. Subjects and Verbs 359

A Simple Way to Find a Subject 359

A Simple Way to Find a Verb 359

More about Subjects and Verbs 360

19. Sentence Sense 364

How Does Sentence Sense Relate to You as a Writer? 364

Turning on Your Sentence Sense 364

Summary: Using Sentence Sense 366

20. Fragments 367

What Are Fragments? 367

Dependent-Word Fragments 367

-ing and to Fragments 371

Added-Detail Fragments 374

Missing-Subject Fragments 377

21. Run-Ons 381

What Are Run-Ons? 381

Correcting Run-Ons 382

22. Regular and Irregular Verbs 394

A Brief Review of Regular Verbs 394

Irregular Verbs 394

23. Standard English Verbs 402

Regular Verbs: Dialect and Standard Forms 402

Three Common Irregular Verbs: Dialect and Standard Forms 406

24. Subject-Verb Agreement 410

Words between Subject and Verb 410

Verb before Subject 411

Compound Subjects 412

Indefinite Pronouns 413

25. Pronoun Agreement and Reference 416

Pronoun Agreement 416

Pronoun Reference 418

26. Pronoun Types 422

Subject and Object Pronouns 422

Possessive Pronouns 425

Demonstrative Pronouns 426

27. Adjectives and Adverbs 428

Adjectives 428

Adverbs 430

28. Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers 433

What Misplaced Modifiers Are and How to Correct Them 433

What Dangling Modifiers Are and How to Correct Them 435

SECTION II Mechanics 441

29. Paper Format 442

Guidelines for Formatting a Paper 442

30. Capital Letters 447

Main Uses of Capital Letters 447

Other Uses of Capital Letters 450

Unnecessary Use of Capitals 453

31. Numbers and Abbreviations 456

Numbers 456

Abbreviations 457

SECTION III Punctuation 459

32. Apostrophes 460

Apostrophe in Contractions 460

Apostrophe to Show Ownership or Possession 461

33. Quotation Marks 468

Quotation Marks to Set Off Exact Words of a Speaker or Writer 468

Quotation Marks to Set Off Titles of Short Works 471

Other Uses of Quotation Marks 473

34. Commas 476

Six Main Uses of the Comma 476

35. Other Punctuation Marks 485

Colon (:) 485

Semicolon (;) 486

Dash (—) 486

Hyphen (-) 487

Parentheses ( ) 487

SECTION IV Word Use 489

36. Using the Dictionary 490

Owning Your Own Dictionaries 490

Dictionaries on Your Computer 491

Understanding a Dictionary Entry 492

37. Improving Spelling 499

Step 1: Use the Dictionary 499

Step 2: Keep a Personal Spelling List 499

Step 3: Master Commonly Confused Words 500

Step 4: Use a Computer’s Spell-Checker 500

Step 5: Understand Basic Spelling Rules 500

Step 6: Study a Basic Word List 501

38. Vocabulary Development 508

Regular Reading 508

Vocabulary Wordsheets 509

Vocabulary Study Books 510

39. Commonly Confused Words 511

Homonyms 511

Other Words Frequently Confused 516

40. Effective Word Choice 521

Slang 521

Clichés 522

Pretentious Words 523

SECTION V Practice 526

41. Editing Tests 527

Twelve Editing Tests 527

PART 5 Readings for Writers 543


The Format of Each Selection 544

How to Read Well: Four General Steps 545

How to Answer the Vocabulary in Context Questions 547

How to Answer the Comprehension Questions: Specific Hints 547


All the Good Things, Sister Helen Mrosla 548

Rowing the Bus, Paul Logan 554

“Extra Large,” Please, Diane Urbina 562

What Good Families Are Doing Right, Dolores Curran 569

Different Is Just Different, Suzanne Fisher Staples 582

What Students Need to Know about Today’s Job Crisis Don Bertram 590


Do It Better!, Ben Carson, M.D., with Cecil Murphey 602

Anxiety: Challenge by Another Name, James Lincoln Collier 612

Let’s Really Reform Our Schools, Anita Garland 619

How They Get You to Do That, Janny Scott 627


from A Tale of Two Cities, Charles Dickens 637

Duel at High Noon: A Replay of Cormier’s Works, Kathy Neal Headley 644

Managing Conflicts in Relationships, Rudolph F. Verderber 651

Group Pressure, Rodney Stark 658

From Father to Son, Last Words to Live By Dana Canedy 664

Reading Comprehension Chart 671


A. ESL Pointers 672

Articles 672
Subjects and Verbs 675
Adjectives 679
Prepositions Used for Time and Place 681

B. Sentence-Skills Diagnostic Test 682

C. Sentence-Skills Achievement Test 687

D. Answers to Sentence-Skills Diagnostic Test 692


CREATE Using the Library

Making Full Use of the Library’s Resources

CREATE Writing a Research Paper

Step 1: Select a Topic Th at You Can Readily Research
Step 2: Limit Your Topic, Make the Purpose of Your Paper Clear, and Assess Your Audience
Step 3: Gather Information on Your Limited Topic
Step 4: Plan Your Paper and Take Notes on Your Limited Topic A Caution about Plagiarism
Step 5: Write the Paper
Step 6: Use an Acceptable

CREATE Combined Mastery Tests

Credits 693

Index 696


Suggested Approaches and Techniques IG-2

A Model Syllabus IG-16

Suggested Answers to the Discussion Questions in Part 5 IG-21

About the Author

John Langan

John Langan has taught reading and writing at Atlantic Cape Community College for more than 25 years. The author of a popular series of college textbooks on both writing and reading, John enjoys the challenge of developing instructive materials that are clear and lively. Before teaching, he earned advanced degrees in writing at Rutgers University and in reading at Rowan University. He also spent a year writing fiction that “is now at the back of a drawer waiting to be discovered and acclaimed posthumously.” While in school, he supported himself by working as a truck driver, a machinist, a battery assembler, a hospital attendant, and an apple packer. In addition to his wife and Philly sports teams, his passions include reading and conveying to nonreaders the pleasure and power of books. Through Townsend Press, his educational publishing company, he has developed the nonprofit “Townsend Library”—a collection of more than 100 new and classic stories that appeal to readers of any age.

Zoe Albright

Zoé L. Albright has been involved in diverse aspects of education for 22 years. For the last 18 years, she has been a faculty member at Metropolitan Community College–Longview, teaching developmental writing, composition, and literature. She has created and implemented traditional and online curricula for high school and college English and composition courses and for a variety of literature courses. She continues to research new educational theory and practices. Zoé has most recently served as co-author of English Skills with Readings, ninth edition, and contributing author to other Langan texts. She received her M.A. from Goldsmiths, University of London; B.S. and B.A. from the University of Idaho; and A.A. from Cottey College. She is currently pursuing a Ph.D. in Curriculum and Instruction at the University of Kansas. Zoé currently resides outside Kansas City, Missouri, with her husband and teenage son.