Cooperative Chemistry Lab Manual
Table of Contents

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Program Details

Section 1: Cooperative Chemistry: How and Why

Cooperative Chemistry Laboratories

To the Instructor
To the Student
A Word About the Things You will Learn in This Course Besides Chemistry

Cooperative Learning

Conflict Management

Nature of the Course

Brief Outline of the Course


Safety Rules

Basic Laboratory Etiquette

NFPA Hazard Codes

Waste Disposal

Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)

Recording and Reporting Results

The Laboratory Notebook
Writing Lab Reports
Preliminary Report Guidelines
The Science Writing Heuristic
Reporting Numerical Results
Graphing Data
Oral Presentations

Section 2: Laboratory Equipment


Test Tubes
Erlenmeyer Flasks
Microscale Cell Wells
Evaporating Dish
Crubible and Lid
Watch Glass
Ignition Tube

Measuring Devices

Measuring Liquids by Volume
Measuring Solids and Liquids by Mass

Transfer Devices

Droppers and Pipets
Test-Tube Holder

Support Devices

Metal Ring
Pipestem Triangle
Wire Gauze
Clamps and Clamp Holders/Universal Clamp

Heating Devices

Bunsen Burner
Heating Bath

Section 3: Laboratory Techniques

Preparing an Experiment

Dealing With Unknown Compounds

Preliminary Tests
Physical State

Solubility Tests

Qualitative Testing
Quantitative Testing

Analysis of Anions

Analysis of Cations

Test for Ammonium (NH4+)
Flame Tests

Microscale Techniques

Solution Techniques

To Make up a Solution of Known Concentration
Dilution of Solutions
Preparing and Using a Volumetric Pipet
Preparing and Using a Buret
Reading a Meniscus
Titration Procedure


Gravity Filtration
Vacuum Filtration


Thin Layer Chromatography Procedure

Precipitation (Gravimetric Analysis) for a Solution of a Known Salt of Unknown Concentration

Precipitation (Gravimetric Analysis) of a Solid Unknow Salt

Boiling Points/Melting Points

Separation of Liquids

Sepatation of Mixtures of Solids


Organic Chemistry

Organic Functional Group Tests

Section 4: Laboratory Instruments and Spectroscopy


Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Infrared Spectroscopy

Color and Spectroscopy

The Units of Color Intensity
The Relationship Between Absorbance and Concentration

pH Meter—Its Care and Use

The pH Meter as a Voltmeter
The Multimeter as a Voltmeter
Conductivity Meter
The Multimeter as a Conductivity Meter

Section 5: Projects

Project 1: Density

Project 2: Investigation of Chemiluminescence

Project 3: Concrete

Project 4: Finding the Relationship Between the Volume of a Gas and the Temperature

Project 5: Designing a Calcium Supplement

Project 6: Properties of Matter and Separations

Project 7: Acids and Bases

Project 8: Buffers

Project 9: White Powders

Project 10: Electrochemistry

Project 11: Identification, Properties and Synthesis of an Unknown Ionic Compound

Project 12: Hot and Cold

Project 13: Analysis of Colas

Project 14: Identification, Properties and Synthesis of an Unknow Organic Compound

Project 15: What Affects the Rate of a Reaction?

Project 16:Investigation of Kidney Stones: Formation and Dissolution

Project 17:Soaps and Detergents